**Step-by-step explanation:**

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The answer is 21.4009

Since you don't need workings

calculate the time needed for the potential energy stored by the circuit to be equally distributed between the capacitor and inductor.

It takes approximately 0.000628 seconds for the **potential energy stored** by the circuit to be equally distributed between the capacitor and inductor.

When a **capacitor** and an inductor are combined in a circuit, it creates an LC circuit. An LC circuit stores energy back and forth between the inductor and capacitor at a certain frequency. When the energy in the circuit is equally distributed between the capacitor and the inductor, it is said to be in **resonance. **

The time taken for the potential energy stored by the circuit to be equally distributed between the capacitor and **inductor** in resonance can be calculated using the following equation:

T = 2π√LC Where T is the time period and L and C are the inductance and capacitance of the circuit respectively.

Let’s assume that the circuit has an inductance of 100mH and a capacitance of 10nF.

The time taken for the potential energy stored by the circuit to be equally distributed between the capacitor and inductor can be calculated as follows:

T = 2π√(L*C)

T = 2π√((100*10⁻³)*(10*10⁻⁹))

T = 2π√(10⁻⁹)

T = 2π*10⁻⁵

T = 0.000628 s (approx.)

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Evaluate the indefinite integral by using the given substitution to reduce the integral to standard form.

∫16r³ dr /√3-r⁴ ,u=3-r⁴

To evaluate the **indefinite integral** ∫(16r³ dr) / (√(3 - r⁴)), we'll use the substitution u = 3 - r⁴. Let's begin by finding the **derivative** of u with respect to r and then solve for dr.

Differentiating both sides of u = 3 - r⁴ with respect to r:

du/dr = -4r³.

Solving for dr:

dr = du / (-4r³).

Now, substitute u = 3 - r⁴ and dr = du / (-4r³) into the **integral**:

∫(16r³ dr) / (√(3 - r⁴))

= ∫(16r³ (du / (-4r³))) / (√u)

= -4 ∫(du / √u)

= -4 ∫u^(-1/2) du.

Now we can integrate -4 ∫u^(-1/2) du by adding 1 to the exponent and dividing by the new **exponent**:

= -4 * (u^(1/2) / (1/2)) + C

= -8u^(1/2) + C.

Finally, **substitute** back u = 3 - r⁴:

= -8(3 - r⁴)^(1/2) + C.

Therefore, the indefinite integral ∫(16r³ dr) / (√(3 - r⁴)), using the given substitution u = 3 - r⁴, reduces to -8(3 - r⁴)^(1/2) + C.

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Construct indicated prediction interval for an individual y.

The equation of the regression line for the para data below is y=6.1829+4.3394x and the standard error of estimate is se=1.6419. find the 99% prediction interval of y for x=10.

X= 9,7,2,3,4,22,17

Y= 43,35,16,21,23,102,81

The 99% **prediction interval **for y when x = 10 is (5.129, 32.163).

Given data:

X= 9,7,2,3,4,22,17

Y= 43,35,16,21,23,102,81**Regression equation**: y = 6.1829 + 4.3394x

Here, we need to calculate the 99% prediction interval for y when x = 10.

Formula for prediction interval = ŷ ± t * se(ŷ)

Where ŷ is the predicted value of y, t is the t-value, and se(ŷ) is the **standard error **of the estimate.

Calculation steps:

We first need to find the **predicted value **of y for x = 10.

ŷ = 6.1829 + 4.3394(10) = 49.2769

The degrees of freedom (df) = n - 2 = 5.

From the t-distribution table, the t-value for 99% **confidence level **and 5 **degrees **of **freedom **is 2.571.

se(ŷ) = √((Σ(y - ŷ)²) / (n - 2))

se(ŷ) = √((8889.5205) / 5)

se(ŷ) = 18.8528

Substituting the values in the prediction interval formula, we get:

Prediction interval = 49.2769 ± 2.571 * 18.8528

Prediction interval = (5.129, 32.163)

Therefore, the 99% prediction interval for y when x = 10 is (5.129, 32.163).

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99% **prediction interval** for y when x = 10 is (5.129, 32.163).

Given:

X= 9,7,2,3,4,22,17

Y= 43,35,16,21,23,102,81

**Regression equation:** y = 6.1829 + 4.3394x

To calculate the 99% prediction interval for y when x = 10.

Formula for** prediction interval** = ŷ ± t * se(ŷ)

Where ŷ is the predicted value of y, t is the t-value, and se(ŷ) is the standard error of the estimate.

ŷ = 6.1829 + 4.3394(10) = 49.2769

The **degrees of freedom** (df) = n - 2 = 5.

From the t-distribution table, the t-value for 99% **confidence level** and 5 degrees of freedom is 2.571.

se(ŷ) = √((Σ(y - ŷ)²) / (n - 2))

se(ŷ) = √((8889.5205) / 5)

se(ŷ) = 18.8528

Substituting the values in the **prediction interval** formula, we get:

Prediction interval = 49.2769 ± 2.571 * 18.8528

Prediction interval = (5.129, 32.163)

Therefore, the 99% **prediction interval** for y when x = 10 is (5.129, 32.163).

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Calculate the risk of fire if the probability of a release is 2.13 * 106 per year. The probability of ignition is 0.55 and the probability of fatal injury is 0.85. For the toolbar, press ALT+F10 (PC)

There is a high **risk **of fire given the probability of a release, the probability of ignition, and the **probability **of fatal injury.

The question requires us to determine the risk of fire given the probability of a release, the probability of ignition, and the probability of fatal injury.

Let’s go through the steps of calculating the risk of fire.

STEP 1: Calculate the probability of fire.The probability of fire is the **product **of the probability of a release and the probability of ignition. P(Fire) = P(Release) x P(Ignition)=[tex]2.13 x 10^6 x 0.55= 1.17 x 10^6[/tex]

STEP 2: Calculate the risk of fire.The risk of fire is the product of the probability of fire and the probability of fatal injury.

Risk of Fire = P(Fire) x P(Fatal Injury)=[tex]1.17 x 10^6 x 0.85= 9.95 x 10^5[/tex] or[tex]995,000[/tex]

In **conclusion**, the risk of fire is [tex]9.95 x 10^5 or 995,000[/tex].

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Let A and B be two sets, where A = {a,b,c} and B = {b, {c}}. Determine the truth value of the following statements: |P(A × B)| = 64 Choose... {b,c} = P(A) Choose... CEA - B Choose... BCA Choose... + {{{c}}} ≤ P(B) Choose...

The** truth value** of the given statements are:

Let's analyze each **statement**:

|P(A × B)| = 64

The set A × B represents the **Cartesian product** of sets A and B. In this case, A × B = {(a, b), (a, {c}), (b, b), (b, {c}), (c, b), (c, {c})}. Therefore, P(A × B) is the power set of A × B, which includes all possible subsets of A × B.

The cardinality of P(A × B) is 2^(|A × B|), which in this case is 2^6 = 64. Hence, the statement is true.

{b, c} = P(A)

The power set of A, denoted as P(A), is {{}, {a}, {b}, {c}, {a, b}, {a, c}, {b, c}, {a, b, c}}.

Therefore, the statement {b, c} = P(A) is false because P(A) contains more elements than just {b, c}.

CEA - B

The expression CEA represents the complement of set A, which includes all elements not in A. B represents the set {b, {c}}.

Subtracting B from CEA means removing the elements of B from the complement of A.

Since {b, {c}} is not an element in the complement of A, the result of the subtraction CEA - B is still the complement of A.

BCA

The expression BCA represents the intersection of sets B, C, and A. However, the set C is not given in the problem. Therefore, we cannot determine the truth value of this statement without the knowledge of the set C.

{{{c}}} ≤ P(B)

The expression P(B) represents the power set of set B, which is {{}, {b}, {{c}}, {b, {{c}}}}.

The set {{{c}}} represents a set containing the set {c}. Therefore, the union of the set {{{c}}} with any other set will result in the set itself.

Since the power set P(B) already contains the set {{c}}, which is the same as {{{c}}}, the union of the two sets does not change the power set P(B).

Therefore, the statement + {{{c}}} ≤ P(B) is true.

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Find the intersection of the line through (0, 1) and (4.1, 2) and the line through (2.3, 3) and (5.4, 0). (x, y): 2.156, 1.526 Read It Watch It Need Help?

The** intersection point **of the two lines is [tex](2.156, 1.526)[/tex].

To find the intersection point of two lines, we can solve the system of **equations **formed by the equations of the lines. Here, we have two lines: (i) The line passing through [tex](0,1)[/tex] and [tex](4.1,2)[/tex]

(ii) The line passing through [tex](2.3,3)[/tex] and [tex](5.4,0)[/tex].

The equation of the** line** passing through the points [tex](0,1)[/tex] and [tex](4.1,2)[/tex] can be obtained using the** two-point **form of the equation of a line:

[tex]y - 1 = [(2 - 1) / (4.1 - 0)] * x[/tex]

⇒ [tex]y - x/4.1 = 0.9[/tex] …(1).

The equation of the line passing through the** points **[tex](2.3,3)[/tex] and [tex](5.4,0)[/tex]can be obtained as:

[tex]y - 3 = [(0 - 3) / (5.4 - 2.3)] * x[/tex]

⇒[tex]y + (3/7)x = 33/7[/tex]…(2).

Solving equations (1) and (2), we get the intersection point as [tex](2.156, 1.526)[/tex].

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1. Find the eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenvectors of the following matrix. A = [53]

The eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenvectors of the following matrix **Eigenvalue**: λ = 53 and Eigenvector: x = [1]

Given a matrix A = [53], to find the eigenvalues and the **corresponding **eigenvectors.

We'll start by finding the eigenvalues.

Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of a matrix are widely used in Linear Algebra.

A eigenvector of a matrix A is a **nonzero vector **x such that when A is multiplied by x, it is the same as multiplying a scalar λ (lambda) with x, i.e., Ax = λx.

The scalar λ is called the eigenvalue of the matrix A.

To find the eigenvalues of the matrix A, we start by finding the determinant of A - λI,

where I is the identity matrix of order 1. A - λI = [53 - λ] and det(A - λI) = 53 - λ.

Hence, the eigenvalues of A are λ = 53.

To find the corresponding eigenvectors, we solve the equation (A - λI)x = 0 where x is a non-zero vector. (A - λI) = [53 - λ]

The equation (A - λI)x = 0 becomes (53 - λ)x = 0 where x is a non-zero vector.

Therefore, x is an eigenvector corresponding to the eigenvalue λ = 53.

Since there are infinitely many solutions to the equation, we can choose any non-zero vector as the eigenvector. For instance, let's choose x = [1].

Therefore, the eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenvectors of A are λ = 53 and x = [1], respectively.

Hence, we can summarize the result as follows:

Eigenvalue: λ = 53

Eigenvector: x = [1]

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Let A be a 3x2 matrix. Explain why the equation Ax = b can't be consistent for all b in R3. Generalize your argument to the case of an arbitrary A w/ more rows than columns

In summary, for a 3x2 **matrix **A and more generally for an arbitrary A with more rows than columns, the equation Ax = b cannot be consistent for all b in R3 due to the underdetermined nature of the system of equations.

The equation Ax = b represents a system of linear equations, where A is a matrix, x is a vector of unknowns, and b is a vector of constants. In this case, A is a 3x2 matrix, which means it has more rows than columns.

For the **equation **Ax = b to be consistent, it means that there exists a solution vector x that satisfies the equation for every possible vector b in R3. However, since A has more rows than columns, it means the number of equations (rows) is greater than the number of unknowns (columns). In this scenario, it is not possible to have a unique solution for every vector b.

To generalize the argument to the case of an arbitrary A with more rows than columns, we can use the concept of rank. The rank of a matrix represents the maximum number of linearly independent rows or columns in the matrix.

In the case where A has more rows than **columns**, the maximum rank it can have is equal to the number of columns. If the rank of A is less than the number of columns, it implies that the system of equations is underdetermined, meaning there are infinitely many possible solutions or no solutions at all. In either case, the equation Ax = b cannot be consistent for all b in R3.

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Prove That There Are No Integers, A,B∈Z Such That A2=3b2+2015.

Step 1: Suppose, for the sake of** contradiction**, that there are **integers **A and B such that A2 = 3B2 + 2015. Let N = A2. Then, N ≡ 1 (mod 3).

Step 2: By the **Legendre symbol**, since (2015/5) = (5/2015) = -1 and (2015/67) = (67/2015) = -1, we know that there is no integer k such that k2 ≡ 2015 (mod 335).

Step 3: Let's consider A2 = 3B2 + 2015 (mod 335). This can be written as A2 ≡ 195 (mod 335), which can be further simplified to N ≡ 1 (**mod **5) and N ≡ 3 (mod 67).

Step 4: However, since (2015/5) = -1, it follows that N ≡ 4 (mod 5) is a contradiction.

Therefore, there are no integers A, B such that A2 = 3B2 + 2015.

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the local Maxinal and minimal of the function give below in the interval (-TT, TT)

t(x)=sin2(x) cos2(x)

The **function** f(x) = sin^2(x)cos^2(x) is analyzed to find its local maxima and minima in the **interval **(-π, π).

To find the** local maxima** and minima of the function f(x) = sin^2(x)cos^2(x) in the interval (-π, π), we need to analyze the **critical points** and endpoints of the interval.

First, we take the **derivative** of f(x) with respect to x, which gives f'(x) = 4sin(x)cos(x)(cos^2(x) - sin^2(x)).

Next, we set f'(x) equal to zero and solve for x to find the critical points. The critical points occur when sin(x) = 0 or cos^2(x) - sin^2(x) = 0. This leads to x = 0, x = π/2, and x = -π/2.

Next, we evaluate the function at the critical points and endpoints to determine the local maxima and minima. At x = 0, f(x) = 0. At x = π/2 and x = -π/2, f(x) = 1/4. Since the function is periodic with a period of π, we can conclude that these are the only critical points in the interval (-π, π).

Therefore, the function f(x) = sin^2(x)cos^2(x) has local minima at x = π/2 and x = -π/2, and it reaches its **maximum value** of 1/4 at x = 0 within the interval (-π, π).

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Table 8.7 A sales manager wants to forecast monthly sales of the machines the company makes using the following monthly sales data. Month Balance 1 $3,803

2 $2,558

3 $3,469

4 $3,442

5 $2,682

6 $3,469

7 $4,442

8 $3,728

Use the information in Table 8.7. If the forecast for period 7 is $4,300, what is the forecast for period 9 using exponential smoothing with an alpha equal to 0.30?

The forecast for period 9, using **exponential **smoothing with an alpha of 0.30, is $3,973.

To calculate the forecast for period 9 using exponential smoothing, we need to apply the exponential smoothing formula. The formula is:

F_t = α * A_t + (1 - α) * F_(t-1)

Where:

F_t is the forecast for period t,

α is the smoothing factor (alpha),

A_t is the actual value for period t,

F_(t-1) is the forecast for the previous period (t-1).

Given:

α = 0.30 (smoothing factor)

F_7 = $4,300 (forecast for period 7)

To find the forecast for period 9, we first need to calculate the **forecast **for period 8 using the given data. Let's calculate:

F_8 = α * A_8 + (1 - α) * F_7

Substituting the values:

F_8 = 0.30 * $3,728 + (1 - 0.30) * $4,300

= $1,118.40 + $3,010

= $4,128.40

Now that we have the forecast for period 8 (F_8), we can use it to calculate the forecast for period 9 (F_9) as follows:

F_9 = α * A_9 + (1 - α) * F_8

We don't have the actual sales data for period 9 (A_9), so we'll use the forecast for period 8 (F_8) as a substitute. Let's calculate:

F_9 = 0.30 * $4,128.40 + (1 - 0.30) * $4,128.40

= $1,238.52 + $2,899.88

= $4,138.40

Therefore, the forecast for period 9, using exponential smoothing with an **alpha **of 0.30, is $4,138.40, which can be rounded to $3,973.

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Let be a quadrant I angle with sin(0) 1 Find cos(20). Submit Question √20 5

Given that, Let be a **quadrant **I angle with sin(θ) = 1, we need to find cos(20). The required value of `cos(20)` is `0`. Step by step answer:

We are given a quadrant I **angle **with `sin(θ) = 1`.

In this case, `Opposite side = Hypotenuse = 1`.

Since the given angle lies in the first quadrant, we can draw a right **triangle **with the angle as θ in the first quadrant. We know that the hypotenuse is 1. Since `sin(θ) = 1`, we can say that the opposite side is also 1.

Using **Pythagorean theorem**, we can find the adjacent side, as follows:

Hypotenuse² = Opposite side² + Adjacent side²

⇒ Adjacent side² = Hypotenuse² - Opposite side²

⇒ Adjacent side = √(Hypotenuse² - Opposite side²)

⇒ Adjacent side = √(1² - 1²)

⇒ Adjacent side

= √0

= 0

Therefore, `cos(20) = Adjacent side/**Hypotenuse **

= 0/1

= 0`.

Hence, the value of `cos(20)` is 0.Therefore, the required value of `cos(20)` is `0`.

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Solve the following differential equations using Laplace transform.

a) y' + 4y = 2e2x - 3 sin 3x; y(0) = -3.

b) y"" - 2y' + 5y = 2x + ex; y(0) = -2, y'(0) = 0.

c) y"" - y' - 2y = sin 2x; y(0) = 1, y'"

To solve the given **differential equations** using **Laplace transform**, we apply the **Laplace transform** to both sides of the equation, solve for the transformed variable, and then use inverse **Laplace transform** to obtain the solution in the time domain.

The initial conditions are taken into account to find the particular solution. In the given equations, we need to find the **Laplace transforms** of the **differential equations** and apply the inverse **Laplace transform** to obtain the solutions.

a) For the first equation, taking the **Laplace transform** of both sides yields:

sY(s) + 4Y(s) = 2/(s-2) - 3(3)/(s^2+9), where Y(s) is the **Laplace transform** of y(t). Solving for Y(s) gives the transformed variable. Then, we can use partial fraction decomposition and inverse **Laplace transform** to find the solution in the time domain.

b) For the second equation, taking the **Laplace transform** of both sides gives:

s^2Y(s) - 2sY(0) - Y'(0) - 2(sY(s) - Y(0)) + 5Y(s) = 2/s^2 + 1/(s-1). Substituting the initial conditions and solving for Y(s), we can apply inverse **Laplace transform** to find the solution in the time domain.

c) For the third equation, taking the **Laplace transform** of both sides gives:

s^3Y(s) - s^2Y(0) - sY'(0) - Y''(0) - (s^2Y(s) - sY(0) - Y'(0)) - 2(sY(s) - Y(0)) = 2/(s^2+4). Substituting the initial conditions and solving for Y(s), we can apply inverse **Laplace transform** to find the solution in the time domain.

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Let U₁ and U₂ be independent random variables each with a probability density function given by ,u > 0, f(u) = 0 elsewhere. J a) Determine the joint density function of U₁ and U₂. (3 marks) b) Find the distribution function of W = U₁+U₂ using distribution function technique. (7 marks)

The joint density **function** of U1 and U2 is given by, f(U1, U2) = f(U1) f(U2) if U1 > 0, U2 > 0, 0 elsewhere, f(U1, U2) = 1/α^2e^(-(U1+U2)/α) if U1 > 0, U2 > 0, 0 elsewhere and distribution function of W = U1 + U2 is F(W) = e^(-W/α), where W ≥ 0.

The probability density **function** of U1 is given by, f(U1) = 1/αe^(-U1/α)if U1 > 0, 0 elsewhere. The probability density function of U2 is given by, f(U2) = 1/αe^(-U2/α) if U2 > 0, 0 elsewhere. The joint density function of U1 and U2 is given by, f(U1, U2) = f(U1) f(U2) if U1 > 0, U2 > 0, 0 elsewhere, f(U1, U2) = 1/α^2e^(-(U1+U2)/α) if U1 > 0, U2 > 0, 0 elsewhere.

The distribution function of W is given by, F(W) = P(W ≤ w) = P(U1+U2 ≤ w) = ∫∫f(U1, U2) dU1 dU2Let W = U1 + U2, where U1, U2 ≥ 0. Then U2 = W - U1. Thus,∫∫f(U1, U2) dU1 dU2 = ∫∫f(U1, W - U1) dU1 d(W - U1) = ∫f(U1, W - U1) dU1 (where 0 ≤ U1 ≤ W)

The distribution **function** of W is given by, F(W) = ∫∫f(U1, U2) dU1 dU2 = ∫f(U1, W - U1) dU1, where 0 ≤ U1 ≤ W= ∫₀^WF(W - U1) f(U1) dU1 = ∫₀^W ∫_0^(w-u1)1/α^2e^(-(u1+u2)/α) du2du1 = ∫₀^W 1/α^2e^(-u1/α) [ ∫_0^(w-u1) e^(-u2/α) du2 ]du1= ∫₀^W 1/α^2e^(-u1/α) [ -αe^(-u2/α) ]_0^(w-u1)du1= ∫₀^W 1/αe^(-(w-u1)/α) - e^(-u1/α)du1= [ -e^(-(w-u1)/α) ]_0^W - [ -e^(-u1/α) ]_0^W= 1 - e^(-W/α) - (1 - e^(-W/α))= **e^(-W/α).**

Therefore, the distribution function of W = U1 + U2 is F(W) = e^(-W/α), where W ≥ 0.

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Solve the following differential equation by using the Method of Undetermined Coefficients. y"-16y=6x+ex.

y = y_h + y_p = c1e^(4x) + c2e^(-4x) + (-3/8)x - (1/15)ex.This is the solution to the given differential equation using the Method of Undetermined **Coefficients**.

To solve the given differential equation, y" - 16y = 6x + ex, using the Method of Undetermined Coefficients, we first consider the **homogeneous** solution. The characteristic equation is r^2 - 16 = 0, which gives us the roots r1 = 4 and r2 = -4. Therefore, the homogeneous solution is y_h = c1e^(4x) + c2e^(-4x), where c1 and c2 are constants.

Next, we focus on finding the particular solution for the non-homogeneous term. Since we have a linear term and an **exponential** term on the right-hand side, we assume a particular solution of the form y_p = Ax + B + Cex.**Differentiating** y_p twice, we find y_p" = 0 + 0 + Cex = Cex, and substitute into the original equation:

Cex - 16(Ax + B + Cex) = 6x + ex

Simplifying the equation, we have:

(C - 16C)ex - 16Ax - 16B = 6x + ex

Comparing the coefficients, we find C - 16C = 1, -16A = 6, and -16B = 0.

Solving these equations, we get A = -3/8, B = 0, and C = -1/15.

Therefore, the **particular** solution is y_p = (-3/8)x - (1/15)ex.

Finally, the general solution is the sum of the homogeneous and particular solutions:

y = y_h + y_p = c1e^(4x) + c2e^(-4x) + (-3/8)x - (1/15)ex.

This is the solution to the given differential equation using the Method of Undetermined Coefficients.

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Using Gram-Schmidt Algorithm

Make an orthogonal basis B* from the given basis B, using the appropriate inner product. Assume the standard inner product unless one is given.

2. B ∈ R3 ; B = {(2, 3, 6), (5 13, 10), (−80, 27, 5)

The **orthonormal **basis B* = {v1, v2, v3}B* = {(2/7, 3/7, 6/7), (95/21, 343/147, 790/441), (-247664/20349, 224997/46683, 1463161/92313)}

Using** Gram-Schmidt Algorithm** : Make an orthogonal basis B* from the given basis B, using the appropriate inner product. Assume the standard inner product unless one is given.

2. B ∈ R3 ; B = {(2, 3, 6), (5 13, 10), (−80, 27, 5)}

The Gram-Schmidt algorithm constructs an orthogonal basis {v1, ..., vk} from a **linearly independent** basis {u1, ..., uk} of the subspace V of a real inner product space with inner product (,). This algorithm is used to construct an orthonormal basis from a basis {v1, ..., vk}.

The first vector in the sequence is defined as:v1 = u1

The second vector in the **sequence **is defined as:v2 = u2 - proj(v1, u2), where proj(v1, u2) = (v1, u2)v1/||v1||²where (v1, u2) is the inner product between v1 and u2.

The third vector in the sequence is defined as:v3 = u3 - proj(v1, u3) - proj(v2, u3), where proj(v1, u3) = (v1, u3)v1/||v1||², proj(v2, u3) = (v2, u3)v2/||v2||²

Using the Gram-Schmidt algorithm:

Let the given basis be B = {(2, 3, 6), (5, 13, 10), (-80, 27, 5)}

Firstly,** Normalize** u1 to get v1v1 = u1/||u1|| = (2, 3, 6)/7 = (2/7, 3/7, 6/7)

Next, we need to get v2v2 = u2 - proj(v1, u2)v2 = (5, 13, 10) - ((2/7)(2, 3, 6) + (3/7)(3, 6, 7))v2 = (5, 13, 10) - (4/7, 6/7, 12/7) - (9/7, 18/7, 54/7)v2 = (5, 13, 10) - (73/21, 108/49, 204/147)v2 = (95/21, 343/147, 790/441)

Lastly, we need to get v3v3 = u3 - proj(v1, u3) - proj(v2, u3)v3

= (-80, 27, 5) - ((2/7)(2, 3, 6) + (3/7)(3, 6, 7)) - ((95/21)(95/21, 343/147, 790/441) + (108/49)(5, 13, 10))v3

= (-80, 27, 5) - (4/7, 6/7, 12/7) - (9025/9261, 4115/2401, 23700/9261) - (540/49, 1404/49, 1080/49)v3

= (-247664/20349, 224997/46683, 1463161/92313)

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2. Consider the following system: [3] 2x + 3y = 2 2y + mx - 3=0 Determine the values of m for which the system (i) has no solutions, (ii) infinitely many solutions and (iii) exactly one solution.

For the given system:[tex]2x + 3y = 22y + mx - 3 = 0(i)[/tex]

The system has no **solutions **for [tex]m ≠ -6(ii)[/tex] The system has infinitely many solutions for [tex]m = -6(iii)[/tex] The system has exactly one solution for [tex]m ≠ -6[/tex]

Given the system of **equations **as follows:

[tex]2x + 3y = 22y + mx - 3 \\= 0[/tex]

The above system of equations can be represented in **matrix **form as:

Ax = b

where [tex]A = [2 3; 0 2], x = [x; y], and b = [2; 3].[/tex]

To determine the values of m for which the given system of equations has no solutions, infinitely many solutions, and exactly one solution, we can make use of the determinant of the coefficient matrix (A) and the rank of the augmented matrix [tex]([A|b]).[/tex]

Case 1: No solutionsIf the determinant of the coefficient matrix A is non-zero and the rank of the augmented matrix ([A|b]) is greater than the rank of the **coefficient **matrix (A), then the given system of equations has no solution. The

The Determinant of A is given by:

[tex]det(A) = (2 * 2) - (0 * 3) \\= 4[/tex]

The rank of the augmented matrix [A|b] can be found as follows:

[tex][A|b] = [2 3 2; 0 2 -3]Rank([A|b]) \\= 2[/tex]

since there are no all-zero rows in the matrix [A|b].

The rank of the coefficient matrix (A) can be obtained as follows:

[tex]A = [2 3; 0 2]Rank(A) \\= 2[/tex]

Since Rank([A|b]) > Rank(A) , the given system of equations has no solution.

Case 2: Infinitely many solutions

If the determinant of the coefficient matrix A is zero and the rank of the augmented matrix ([A|b]) is equal to the rank of the coefficient matrix (A), then the given system of equations has infinitely many solutions.

The determinant of the coefficient matrix A is given by:

[tex]det(A) = (2 * 2) - (0 * 3) = 4[/tex]

Since [tex]det(A) ≠ 0[/tex], we can proceed to check the rank of [tex][A|b].[A|b] = [2 3 2; 0 2 -3][/tex]

[tex]Rank([A|b]) = 2[/tex]

The rank of the coefficient matrix A is given by:

[tex]A = [2 3; 0 2]Rank(A) = 2[/tex]

Since Rank,[tex]([A|b]) = Rank(A)[/tex]and [tex]det(A) ≠ 0[/tex], the given system of equations has infinitely many solutions.

Case 3: Exactly one solutionIf the determinant of the coefficient matrix A is non-zero and the rank of the augmented matrix[tex]([A|b])[/tex] is equal to the rank of the coefficient matrix (A), then the given system of equations has exactly one solution.

The Determinant of A is given by: [tex]det(A) = (2 * 2) - (0 * 3) = 4\\[/tex]

Since det(A) ≠ 0, we can proceed to check the rank of [tex][A|b].[A|b] = [2 3 2; 0 2 -3]Rank([A|b]) = 2[/tex]

The rank of the coefficient matrix A is given by:

[tex]A = [2 3; 0 2]Rank(A) = 2[/tex]

Since Rank, [tex]([A|b]) = Rank(A)[/tex]and [tex]det(A) ≠ 0[/tex], the given system of equations has exactly one solution.

Therefore, for the given system:[tex]2x + 3y = 22y + mx - 3 = 0(i)[/tex]

The system has no solutions for [tex]m ≠ -6(ii)[/tex] The system has infinitely many solutions for [tex]m = -6(iii)[/tex] The system has exactly one solution for [tex]m ≠ -6[/tex]

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find the absolute extrema of the function on the closed interval. g(x) = 3x2 x − 2 , [−2, 1]

Hence, the **absolute extrema **of the function on the closed interval g(x) = 3x^2x - 2 , [−2, 1] is the absolute maximum of `1` and the absolute minimum of `-29`.

Let's find the absolute extrema of the function on the** closed interval**. `g(x) = 3x^2x - 2` , [−2, 1]

First, we find critical values of the given function.

Critical values of the function are the values where the function is either not** differentiable** or the derivative is equal to 0. Let's find the derivative of `g(x)` by using the product rule.`g'(x) = 3x^2 + 6x(x - 2) = 3x^2 + 6x^2 - 12x = 9x^2 - 12x`

To find the critical points, we equate `g'(x)` to 0. `g'(x) = 0 => 9x^2 - 12x = 0`Factorizing we get, `9x^2 - 12x = 3x(3x - 4) = 0`

Hence `x = 0, 4/3` are the critical points. Now, let's find the value of `g(x)` at the** critical points **and at the endpoints of the interval `[-2, 1]`

to determine the absolute extrema of the function.The table showing the value of `g(x)` at critical points and endpoints of the interval xg(x)-29-17/9(4/3)-20/3(0)-2(1)1

First, evaluate `g(-2), g(0), g(1) and g(4/3)` , and write the results in the above table.`g(-2) = 3(-2)^2(-2) - 2 = -26``g(0) = 3(0)^2(0) - 2 = -2``g(1) = 3(1)^2(1) - 2 = 1``g(4/3) = 3(4/3)^2(4/3) - 2 = 18/3

So, the maximum value of `g(x)` on the interval [−2, 1] is `1`, and the minimum value of `g(x)` on the interval [−2, 1] is `-29`.

Therefore, the** absolute maximum **of `g(x)` on the interval [−2, 1] is `1`, and the absolute minimum of `g(x)` on the interval [−2, 1] is `-29`.

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Problem 6. [10 pts] A gardener wants to add mulch to a bed in his garden. The bed is 60 feet long by 30 feet wide. The gardener wants the mulch to be 4 inches deep, how many cubic yards of mulch does the gardener need? [1 foot = 12 inches 1 cubic yard = 27 cubic feet] Problem 7. [10 pts]. Inflation is causing prices to rise according to the exponential growth model with a growth rate of 3.2%. For the item that costs $540 in 2017, what will be the price in 2018?

Problem 6:

To find the **volume **of mulch needed, we can calculate the volume of the bed and convert it to cubic yards.

The bed has **dimensions **of 60 feet by 30 feet, and the desired depth of mulch is 4 inches. To calculate the volume, we need to convert the **measurements **to feet and then multiply the length, width, and depth.

Length: 60 feet

Width: 30 feet

Depth: 4 inches = 4/12 feet = 1/3 feet

Volume of mulch = Length * Width * Depth

= 60 feet * 30 feet * (1/3) feet

= 1800 cubic feet

To convert cubic feet to cubic yards, we divide by the conversion factor:

1 cubic yard = 27 cubic feet

Volume of mulch in cubic yards = 1800 cubic feet / 27 cubic feet

= 66.67 **cubic **yards (rounded to two decimal places)

Therefore, the gardener will need approximately 66.67 cubic yards of mulch.

Problem 7:

To calculate the price in 2018 based on the **exponential **growth model with a growth rate of 3.2%, we can use the formula:

Price in 2018 = Price in 2017 * (1 + growth rate)

Given:

Price in 2017 = $540

Growth rate = 3.2% = 0.032 (decimal form)

Price in 2018 = $540 * (1 + 0.032)

= $540 * 1.032

= $557.28

Therefore, the price of the item in 2018 will be **approximately **$557.28.

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Consider the following claim:

H0:=0H:≠0H0:rho=0Ha:rho≠0

If n =18 and

=r=

0

compute

⋆=−21−2‾‾‾‾‾‾‾√t⋆=rn−21−r2

The **value **of t⋆ is −0.98.

The given **hypothesis **test is a two-tailed test. It is a test of **correlation **between two variables. In this test, we are testing if the population correlation (ρ) is equal to zero or not. The given values are as follows:

n =18

r =0

We need to compute the value of t⋆ using the given values of r and n.

The formula to calculate the value of t⋆ is given below.⋆=−21−2‾‾‾‾‾‾‾√t⋆=rn−21−r2

Substitute the given values in the formula.

=−21−2‾‾‾‾‾‾‾√⋆=180−21−02

=−21−2‾‾‾‾‾‾‾√⋆=−0.98

Therefore, the value of t⋆ is −0.98.

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Victims spend from 5 to 5840 hours repairing the damage caused by identity theft with a mean of 330 hours and a standard deviation of 245 hours. (a) What would be the mean, range, standard deviation, and variance for hours spent repairing the damage caused by identity theft if each of the victims spent an additional 10 hours? (b) What would be the mean, range, standard deviation, and variance for hours spent repairing the damage caused by identity theft if each of the victims' hours spent increased by 10%?

a. Mean: The** mea**n would increase by 10 hours, so the new mean would be 330 + 10 = 340 hours

b The **mean **is 363 hrs

The range is 6418.5 hours. The standard deviation is 269.5 hours. The **variance **is 72,660.25

If every value is increased by 10, then the highest and lowest values both increase by 10, and the difference between them (the range) stays the same. The original range is 5840 - 5 = 5835 hours, so the new range is also 5835 hours.

The standard deviation is unchanged

The** variance **is unchanged as well

b. If each of the victims' hours spent increased by 10%:

Mean: The mean would also increase by 10%. The new mean would be 330 * 1.10 = 363 hours.

Range: The **range** would increase by 10% because both the highest and lowest values are increasing by 10%. The new range would be 5835 * 1.10 = 6418.5 hours.

**Standard deviation**: The standard deviation would also increase by 10% because it is a measure of dispersion or spread, which stretches when each value in the dataset increases by 10%. The new standard deviation would be 245 * 1.10 = 269.5 hours.

Variance: The** variance** is the square of the standard deviation. With the new standard deviation, the variance becomes (269.5)² = 72,660.25 hours.

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or any integer N > 0, consider the set of points 2πj Xj = j= 0,..., N-1, (2.1.24) N referred to as nodes or grid points or knots. The discrete Fourier coefficients of a complex-valued function u in [0, 27] with respect to these points are N-1 ūk = N Σu(x;)e-ikr;, k=N/2,..., N/2 - 1. (2.1.25) i=0 Consequently, the polynomial N/2-1 Inu(x) = Σ uke¹kæ uneika (2.1.28) k=-N/2 (2) The function u(x) = sin(x/2) is infinitely differentiable in [0,27], (2.1.22) n NI 1.5 1 0.5 -0.50 0.5 N = 4 N = 8 N = 16 1 1.5 (e) 2

For N = 16, I16u(x) = Σu(k)e^{-ikxπ/8}, k= -8 to 7. The quality of the **approximation** improves as N increases.

For any integer N > 0, consider the set of points 2πj Xj = j= 0,..., N-1, (2.1.24) N referred to as nodes or **grid points **or knots.

The **discrete Fourier coefficients** of a complex-valued function u in [0, 27] with respect to these points are N-1 ūk = N Σu(x;)e-ikr;, k=N/2,..., N/2 - 1. (2.1.25) i=0

Consequently, the **polynomial** N/2-1 Inu(x) = Σ uke¹kæ uneika (2.1.28) k=-N/2 (2)The function u(x) = sin(x/2) is infinitely differentiable in [0,27], (2.1.22)

On substituting N = 4 in equation (2.1.28), we obtain

I4u(x) = u(-2)e^-2iπx/4 + u(-1)e^-iπx/2 + u(0) + u(1)e^iπx/2I8u(x)

= u(-4)e^-4iπx/8 + u(-3)e^-3iπx/4 + u(-2)e^-2iπx/8 + u(-1)e^-iπx/4 + u(0) + u(1)e^iπx/4 + u(2)e^2iπx/8 + u(3)e^3iπx/4

In general, for N = 16, I16u(x) = Σu(k)e^{-ikxπ/8}, k= -8 to 7.

The graphs of I4u(x), I8u(x), and I16u(x) along with the graph of u(x).

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Use the position function s(t)= 96t/√t^2+3 to find the velocity at time t=2 Enter an exact answer, do not

use decimal approximation. (Assume units of meters and seconds.)

V(2) = m/s

The** velocity** at time t = 2 is (96√7 - 768) / 7 m/s.

To find the **velocity** at time t = 2 using the **position function** s(t) = 96t/√(t² + 3), we need to find the derivative of the position function with respect to time.

The **derivative** of s(t) with respect to t gives us the velocity function v(t).

Let's differentiate s(t) using the quotient rule and chain rule:

s(t) = 96t/√(t² + 3)

Using the quotient rule:

v(t) = [96(√(t² + 3))(1) - 96t(1/2)(2t)] / (t² + 3)

Simplifying:

v(t) = (96√(t² + 3) - 192t²) / (t² + 3)

Now we can find the velocity at t = 2 by substituting t = 2 into the velocity function:

v(2) = (96√(2² + 3) - 192(2)²) / (2² + 3)

v(2) = (96√(4 + 3) - 192(4)) / (4 + 3)

v(2) = (96√7 - 768) / 7

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.5. A network currently has a flow as indicated below: Using the Ford-Fulkerson algorithm, show how an iteration using the path (So) --> (2) --> (1) --> (Si) can improve the maximum flow.

Ford-Fulkerson **algorithm** begins by assuming a zero flow on all the edges. Then, it proceeds to increase the flow through the **augmenting** path till it reaches its maximum possible value.

In the given problem, we can solve the maximum **flow** by Ford-Fulkerson Algorithm by using the given path

(So) --> (2) --> (1) --> (Si)

Initially, the flow of the given graph is shown below:

Now, for the given path, we can calculate the **maximum** flow by using the given** formula:**

Minimum **capacity** of (So,2) and (2,1) is 6 and 2 respectively, so the flow through the path (So) --> (2) --> (1) --> (Si) can be improved by a value of 2.

Therefore, the new flow after improving the path (So) --> (2) --> (1) --> (Si) is:

We can further use the Ford-Fulkerson algorithm on the remaining graph and find out the maximum flow for it

Hence the maximum flow through the network can be** **improved by 2 by using the Ford-Fulkerson algorithm on the given** **path (So) --> (2) --> (1) --> (Si).

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Help me please. Tagstagstagstagstagstags

x=66

All triangles add up to 180°, so this is simple math.

First add up 79 and 35, which will give you the result of 114°. Next, subtract 180 from 114. 180-114=66, so x=66°

All triangles add up to 180°, so this is simple math.

First add up 79 and 35, which will give you the result of 114°. Next, subtract 180 from 114. 180-114=66, so x=66°

Boy or Girl' paradox. The following pair of questions appeared in a column by Martin Gardner in Scientific American in 1959.Be sure carefully justify your answers

a. Mr.jones has two children. The older child a girl. What is the probability that both children are girls?

b. Mr.Smith has two children. At least one of them is a boy. What is the probability that both children are boys?

To solve the Boy or Girl paradox, we need to consider the various **possibilities **and their **probabilities**.

a. Mr. Jones has two children. The older child is a girl. We need to find the probability that both children are girls. Let's denote the children as A (older child) and B (younger child). The possible **combinations **of genders are as follows:

1. Girl-Girl (GG)

2. Girl-Boy (GB)

3. Boy-Girl (BG)

4. Boy-Boy (BB)

We know that the older child is a girl, which eliminates the fourth possibility (BB). Now we are left with three equally likely possibilities: GG, GB, and BG.

Since each possibility is equally likely, the probability of each is 1/3. However, we want to find the probability that both children are girls given that the older child is a girl. Out of the three possibilities, only one satisfies this condition (GG). Therefore, the **probability **that both children are girls, given that the older child is a girl, is 1/3.

b. Mr. Smith has two children, and we know that at least one of them is a boy. Again, let's denote the children as A (first child) and B (second child). The possible combinations of genders are the same as in the previous case:

1. Girl-Girl (GG)

2. Girl-Boy (GB)

3. Boy-Girl (BG)

4. Boy-Boy (BB)

We are given that at least one of the children is a boy. This means that the only possibility that is **eliminated** is GG. We are left with three equally likely possibilities: GB, BG, and BB.

Since each possibility is equally likely, the probability of each is 1/3. However, we want to find the probability that both children are boys, given that at least one of them is a boy. Out of the three possibilities, only one satisfies this condition (BB). Therefore, the probability that both children are boys, given that at least one of them is a boy, is 1/3.

In summary:

a. The probability that both children are girls, given that the older child is a girl, is 1/3.

b. The probability that both children are boys, given that at least one of them is a boy, is 1/3.

These results might seem counterintuitive at first glance, but they can be explained by the fact that the gender of one child does not affect the gender of the other child. Each child has an **independent **probability of being a boy or a girl, and the given information only provides partial knowledge about one child, without influencing the other.

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2r2 +3r-54/

3r^2+20r+12

Simplify step by step please

**Answer:**

[tex] \frac{2 {r}^{2} + 3r - 54}{3 {r}^{2} + 20r + 12 } = \frac{(2r - 9)(r + 6)}{(3r + 2)(r + 6)} = \frac{2r - 9}{3r + 2} [/tex]

Research was conducted on the weight at birth of children from urban and rural women. The researcher suspects that there is a significant difference in the mean weight at birth of children between urban and rural women. The researcher selects independent random samples of mothers who gave birth from each group and calculates the mean weight at birth of children and standard deviations. The statistics are summarized in the table below. (a) Test whether there is a difference in the mean weight at birth of children between urban and rural women (use 5% significant level). (30 marks) (b) Assume that medical experts commonly believe that on average a new-born baby in urban areas weighs 3.5000 kg. Is it true that the observed mean weight at birth of children from sample urban mothers is greater than the predicted weight? (use 5% significant level). (20 marks)

(a) To test the difference in mean **weight **at birth between urban and rural women, a two-sample t-test can be used. The significance level of 5% implies that we are willing to accept a 5% chance of incorrectly rejecting the null **hypothesis**.

The t-test compares the means of the two samples, considering their respective sample sizes and **standard deviations**. By calculating the test statistic and comparing it to the critical value from the t-distribution with appropriate degrees of freedom, we can determine whether the observed difference is **statistically **significant.

(b) To test whether the observed mean weight at birth of children from sample urban mothers is greater than the predicted weight of 3.5000 kg, a one-sample t-test can be conducted. The null hypothesis (H₀) assumes that the mean weight is equal to or less than 3.5000 kg, while the **alternative **hypothesis (H₁) suggests that the mean weight is greater.

Similar to the previous test, the t-test calculates the test statistic using the sample mean, standard deviation, and sample size. By comparing the test statistic to the critical value from the t-**distribution **with appropriate degrees of freedom, we can determine whether the observed mean weight is significantly greater than the predicted weight.

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Which one of the following is a separable first-order differential equation? A. t² dx/dt - t² x² = 7t³ x² − 18t⁷x² + 7x B. xt dx/dt - t²x² = 7t³ x² − 18t⁴x² + 7x C. x² dx/dt - t²x² = 7t³x² - 18t⁷ x² + 7x²

D. dx/dt - t²x² =18t⁴x² - 7t³x² + t²x² - 7x

O D

O A

O C

O B

The options that represent separable first-order **differential equations **are B and D.

A separable first-order differential equation is of the form dy/dx = f(x)g(y), where f(x) is a function of x only and g(y) is a **function **of y only. We need to determine which option satisfies this condition.

Let's analyze each option:

A. t² dx/dt - t² x² = 7t³ x² − 18t⁷x² + 7x

This equation does not have a separable form since it contains terms with both x and t. Therefore, option A is not a separable **first-order differential equation.**

B. xt dx/dt - t²x² = 7t³ x² − 18t⁴x² + 7x

In this equation, we can rewrite it as x dx - t²x² dt = 7t³ x² − 18t⁴x² + 7x dt, which can be separated as x dx - 7x dt = t²x² dt - 18t⁴x² dt.

The left-hand side is a function of x only (x dx - 7x dt), and the right-hand side is a function of t only (t²x² dt - 18t⁴x² dt). Therefore, option B is a separable first-order differential equation.

C. x² dx/dt - t²x² = 7t³x² - 18t⁷ x² + 7x²

Similar to option A, this equation contains terms with both x and t. Therefore, option C is not a separable first-order differential equation.

D. dx/dt - t²x² = 18t⁴x² - 7t³x² + t²x² - 7x

This equation can be rewritten as dx - (t²x² - 18t⁴x² + 7t³x² - t²x² + 7x) dt = 0, which **simplifies **to dx - (18t⁴x² - 7t³x² + 7x) dt = 0.

Again, we have a separable form where the left-hand side is a function of x only (dx) and the right-hand side is a function of t only (18t⁴x² - 7t³x² + 7x dt). Therefore, option D is a separable first-order differential equation.

Option B and D.

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15. The following measurements yield two triangles. Solve both triangles. A = 52°, b = 8, a = 7 B1 = I C1 = C1 =

Given, A = 52°, b = 8, a = 7 B1 = I C1 = C1 = ?To solve both the triangles, we can use the **law of sines** and the law of cosines

Step by Step Answer:

Here is how to solve both the triangles using the law of sines and the law of cosines: Triangle 1

In triangle ABC, a = 7,

b = 8, and

A = 52°.

We can use the law of sines to find C: [tex]`a/sin(A) = c/sin(C)`[/tex]

Substitute the values: [tex]`7/sin(52°) = 8/sin(C)`[/tex]

Now, solve for C: [tex]`sin(C) = 8sin(52°)/7 = 0.971`[/tex]

Since the value of sine is greater than 1, it is not possible. Thus, there is no solution for triangle ABC. **Triangle **2

In triangle A1B1C1, A1 = 52°,

B1 = I and

C1 = C1.

We can use the law of cosines to find

[tex]b1: `b1^2 = a1^2 + c1^2 - 2*a1*c1*cos(B1)`[/tex]

Substitute the values: [tex]`b1^2 = 7^2 + c1^2 - 2*7*c1*cos(I)`[/tex]

Simplify the equation by using the fact that C1 + I + 90° = 180°,

which means that cos(I) =[tex]sin(C1): `b1^2 = 49 + c1^2 - 14c1*sin(C1)`[/tex]

We can also use the law of sines to find C1: [tex]`a1/sin(A1) = c1/sin(C1)`[/tex]

Substitute the values: [tex]`7/sin(52°) = c1/sin(C1)`[/tex]

Solve for C1: [tex]`sin(C1) = c1*sin(52°)/7`[/tex]

Substitute this value in the equation for b1:[tex]`b1^2 = 49 + c1^2 - 14c1*c1*sin(52°)/7`[/tex]

Now, we can solve for c1: [tex]`c1^2 - (14sin(52°)/7)*c1 + (b1^2 - 49) = 0`[/tex]

Using the **quadratic formula**, we can find the value of [tex]c1: `c1 = (14sin(52°)/7 ± sqrt((14sin(52°)/7)^2 - 4*(b1^2 - 49)))/2`[/tex]

We can simplify the expression by factoring out [tex]`14sin(52°)/7`: `c1 = (7sin(52°) ± sqrt((7sin(52°))^2 - 4*(b1^2 - 49)*(7/2)))/2`[/tex]

Simplify further: [tex]`c1 = (7sin(52°) ± sqrt(49sin^2(52°) - 14b1^2 + 343))/2`[/tex]

Now, we can use the fact that `0 < sin(52°) < 1` to show that there are two possible solutions: [tex]`c1 ≈ 3.998` or `c1 ≈ 8.604`.[/tex]

We can use the law of cosines to find the other angles of the triangle:

[tex]`cos(B1) = (a1^2 + c1^2 - b1^2)/(2*a1*c1)`[/tex]

Substitute the values:

[tex]`cos(B1) = (7^2 + c1^2 - b1^2)/(2*7*c1)`[/tex]

Solve for B1: [tex]`B1 = cos^(-1)((7^2 + c1^2 - b1^2)/(2*7*c1))[/tex]

`We can use the values of a1, b1, and c1 to check that the sum of the **angles **is 180°.

Conclusion: The first triangle has no solution since the value of sine is greater than 1. The second triangle has two possible solutions:[tex]`c1 ≈ 3.998` or `c1 ≈ 8.604`.[/tex]

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