The design specifications for the **conveyor** **belt** hauling coal in the **underground** mine are as follows: Belt Width: 30 inches, Belt Tension: Approximately 4166.67 lb and Motor Power: Approximately 2.53 hp

To design a conveyor belt for hauling coal in an underground mine, we need to determine the required belt specifications, including belt width, belt tension, and **motor** **power**. Let's calculate these parameters based on the given information:

1. Belt Width:

The coal is hauled at a rate of 500 tph (tons per hour). To determine the belt width, we need to consider the **coal** **density** and the desired capacity. The coal density is given as 55 lb per loose cubic ft. Let's convert the tph to lb/hr:

500 tph * 2000 lb/ton = 1,000,000 lb/hr

To determine the belt width, we can use the formula:

Belt Width (inches) = (Capacity in lb/hr) / (Belt Speed in fpm) / (Coal Density in lb/cu ft)

Belt Width = (1,000,000 lb/hr) / (600 fpm) / (55 lb/cu ft) ≈ 30 inches

Therefore, the belt width should be approximately 30 inches.

2. Belt Tension:

The belt tension is determined based on the peak capacity and the arc of contact of the drive. The peak capacity is given as 500 tph. Let's convert this to lb/hr:

500 tph * 2000 lb/ton = 1,000,000 lb/hr

The arc of contact is given as 240°. The belt tension can be calculated using the formula:

Belt Tension (lbs) = (Peak Capacity in lb/hr) / (Arc of Contact in degrees)

Belt Tension = (1,000,000 lb/hr) / (240°) ≈ 4166.67 lbs

Therefore, the **belt** **tension** should be approximately 4166.67 lbs.

3. Motor Power:

To determine the motor power, we need to consider the belt tension, belt speed, and motor drive efficiency. Let's calculate the required motor power using the formula:

Motor Power (hp) = (Belt Tension in lbs) * (Belt Speed in fpm) / (33,000 ft-lb/min per hp) / (Motor Drive Efficiency)

Motor Power = (4166.67 lbs) * (600 fpm) / (33,000 ft-lb/min per hp) / (0.85) ≈ 2.53 hp

Therefore, the required motor power should be approximately 2.53 hp.

In summary, the design **specifications** for the conveyor belt hauling coal in the underground mine are as follows:

- Belt Width: 30 inches

- Belt Tension: Approximately 4166.67 lbs

- Motor Power: Approximately 2.53 hp

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kb is: ∀x f(x) → (g(x) ∨ h(x)) g(a) ≡ (h(a) ∧ ¬g(a)) prove using resolution-refutation: ¬f(a).

**Resolution-refutation** is a proof strategy that helps in establishing that a given sentence is unsatisfiable. In other words, it shows that a given sentence cannot be true under any interpretation.

To prove the above statement using **resolution-refutation**, we need to follow the below

steps:

Step 1: Convert the given statement into Conjunctive Normal Form(CNF)

Step 2: Apply the resolution rule to the **CNF** formula until it can't be applied any further.

Step 1: Convert the given statement into **CNFTo** apply the resolution rule, we need to first convert the given statement into CNF form.For that, we need to use some of the following equivalences:1. **De Morgan's Laws**: ¬(P ∧ Q) ≡ ¬P ∨ ¬Q and ¬(P ∨ Q) ≡ ¬P ∧ ¬Q2. Distribution: P ∧ (Q ∨ R) ≡ (P ∧ Q) ∨ (P ∧ R) and P ∨ (Q ∧ R) ≡ (P ∨ Q) ∧ (P ∨ R)Using the above rules, we can convert the given statement as follows: ¬f(a) ∧ ¬g(a) ∧ ¬h(a) ∨ g(a) ∧ h(a)The above formula is in CNF form.

Step 2: Apply the resolution rule to the CNF formula until it can't be applied any further.

Now, we apply the resolution rule as follows: Clause 1: {¬f(a), ¬g(a), ¬h(a)}Clause 2: {g(a), h(a)}Resolve: {¬f(a), ¬g(a), ¬h(a), h(a)}Resolve: {¬f(a), ¬g(a)}Resolve: {¬f(a), ¬h(a)}Resolve: {¬f(a)}Hence, the proof is complete.

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Which of the following about sequence flow is NOT correct? Multiple Choice It can cross pools It can cross lanes both "It can cross pools and it can cross lanes

None of the above. "It can cross **pools** and it can cross lanes" is actually a correct statement about sequence flow in Business Process Model and Notation (**BPMN**).

Therefore, the answer to this multiple choice question is "none of the above." Sequence flow is a type of connector used in BPMN to show the order in which activities are performed in a **business** process. It represents the path that the process takes from one activity to the next.

Sequence flow can cross pools, which are used to represent different organizational boundaries or departments involved in the **process**. This allows for modeling of end-to-end processes that involve multiple organizations or departments.

Sequence flow can also **cross** **lanes**, which are used to represent different roles or responsibilities within the same pool. This allows for modeling of complex processes that involve multiple actors or participants.

In summary, both statements are true about sequence flow in **BPMN**. It can cross pools and it can cross lanes.

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void knapsack2 (int n, const int p [l, const int w[], int W int & maxprofit) { queue_of_node 0; node u, V; ( 6.1 initialize (0); // Intialize Q to be empty. v. level = 0; v. profit = 0; v. Weight = 0; // Intialize v to be the root. maxprofit = 0; enqueue (0, V); while (! empty (0) ) { dequeue (Q, v); u. level = v. level + 1; // Set u to a child of v. u. weight = v. weight + w[u. level]; // Set u to the child u. profit = v. profit + plu. level]; // that includes the // next item. if (u. weight <= W && u. profit > maxprofit) maxprofit = u. profit; if (bound (u) > maxprofit) enqueue (0, u); u. weight = V. weight; // Set u to the child that u. profit = v. profit; // does not include the if (bound(u) > maxprofit) // next item. enqueue (Q, u); } } float bound (node u) { index j, k; int totweight; float result; if (u. weight >= W) return 0; else{ result = u. profit; j = u. level + 1; totweight = u. weight; while (j <= n && totweight + W[j] <= W){ totweight = totweight + W[j]; // Grab as many items result = result p[j]; // as poss j++; } k = }; // Use if (k <=n) // with formula in text. result = result + (W - totweight) * p[k] /w[k]; // Grab fraction of kth return result; // item. } }

The algorithm has a time complexity of O(2^n) in the worst case, but the use of the bound **function** helps to prune the search tree and reduce the search space.

The given code is an implementation of the branch and bound **algorithm** for the 0/1 Knapsack problem. The problem is to fill a knapsack of capacity W with a subset of n items, such that the total weight of the items in the knapsack is less than or equal to W and the total profit (or value) of the items in the knapsack is maximum.

The code defines a node structure with level, profit and weight fields, and a queue data structure for storing the nodes. The algorithm starts by **initializing** the queue with the root node, which has level, profit and weight set to 0. It then repeatedly dequeues a node from the queue, expands it into two child nodes.

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a synchronous motor is operating under a mechanical load with a unity power factor

A **synchronous** motor operating under a mechanical load with a unity power factor means that the motor is using all the power that is being supplied to it to produce useful work.

The power factor of a motor is a measure of how efficiently it is using the **electrical power** that is being supplied to it. A power factor of 1, or unity, means that all the power that is being supplied is being used to produce useful work, while a power factor of less than 1 **indicates **that some of the power is being wasted in the form of reactive power, which does not contribute to the mechanical output of the motor.

A synchronous motor converts electrical power to **mechanical** power. Power factor is the ratio of real power (watts) to apparent power (volt-amperes). A unity power factor means that the motor is using all the electrical power supplied for converting it into mechanical power, with no wastage in the form of reactive power (**VAR**).

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assume p= 20,000 lb and l= 30 in the aluminum rod shown below has a circular cross section with a diameter of 1.5 in. determine the tensile stress of the rod. stress-straoin

The tensile **stress** in the rod is 11,299 psi.

We know that **Tensile** Stress is given by: Stress = Force/AreaIn this question, we have a rod of length 'l' and a circular cross-section of diameter 'd'. Let's calculate its area.Area of the cross-section of the rod = πd²/4= π(1.5 in)²/4= 1.77 in²Also, we know that Force applied (F) = p (Load applied) = 20,000 lbNow, we can find out the tensile stress using the formula mentioned above.Stress = F/A = 20,000 lb/1.77 in²= 11,299 psi.

We are given the values of load (p) and length (l) of the **aluminum** rod. We are also given the diameter of the circular cross-section of the rod.Using the formula of area of the cross-section of a circle, we find out the area of the cross-section of the rod. Then we use the formula of stress to find out the tensile stress in the rod.

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Select the term below is the best one to describe the polarization of a wave with phaser electric field given by

The **electric field **given by E = 2(av - jaz) is a **left**-**hand circularly polarized **wave. (Option A)

The real part of the equation, 2a(v)i, represents a wave with a **sinusoidal variation **in the x -direction.

The imaginary part of the equation,2a(z)j, represents a wave with a sinusoidal variation in the z-direction. The direction of **polarization **of a wave is given by the direction of the electric field vector.

In this case,the **electric field **vector is rotating in a counterclockwise direction, which is the definition of left -hand circular polarization.

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The continuous time signal xc(t)=cos(93.8πt).

is sampled with a sample period T.

x[n]=cos(πAn),−[infinity]
Choose the smallest possible value of T in milliseconds/sample consistent with this information.

Provide a number as your answer with an accuracy of two decimal digits

The **smallest possible** value of T is 0.0107 milliseconds/sample.

The Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem states that the sampling **frequency **(fs) should be at least twice the maximum frequency **component **of the signal (fmax). In this case, fmax is the frequency of the cosine function, which is 93.8π Hz. Therefore, the minimum sampling frequency required is 2 * 93.8π = 187.6π Hz.

Determine the highest frequency of the **continuous **time signal: fc = 93.8πt / 2π = 46.9 Hz Apply the Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem: fs = 2 * fc = 2 * 46.9 Hz = 93.8 Hz. Calculate the **smallest** possible value of T: T = 1/fs = 1/93.8 s = 0.0106595 ms/sample. Round the answer to two decimal digits: T ≈ 0.0107 milliseconds/sample

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If a TCP's connection has MSS of800 bytesMSS of800 bytes and its RTT is160 msecRTT is160 msec, the resulting initial sending rate during its slow start stage is about 40 kbps, here 'k' represents 1000. true or false?

True. During the slow start stage of a **TCP connection**, the sender gradually increases its sending rate until it reaches a certain threshold. This threshold is determined by the receiver's advertised window size and the network's.

The Maximum Segment Size (MSS) refers to the maximum amount of data that can be sent in a single TCP segment, excluding the TCP **header**. In this case, the MSS is 800 bytes.

The Round Trip Time (RTT) is the time it takes for a packet to travel from the sender to the receiver and back. In this case, the RTT is 160 msec. The initial **sending rate** during slow start can be calculated using the following formula:

Initial Sending Rate = MSS / (RTT * sqrt(2))

Plugging in the values, we get:

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A lw is to load register $5 from location 0x0040000C in memory. Register $10 contains 0x00400000. Write the assembly language instruction: (Q15.9)

a.

lw $5,0x0C(400000)

b.

lw $10,0x0C($10)

c.

lw $10,0x0C($5)

d.

lw $5,0x0C($10)

The correct **assembly** **language** instruction for loading **register** $5 from location 0x0040000C in **memory** when **register** $10 contains 0x00400000 is option D: lw $5,0x0C($10).

This instruction tells the processor to load a word (4 bytes) of data from **memory **into **register **$5, starting at the **memory** **address **stored in **register** $10 plus an offset of 0x0C. This means that the data will be loaded from **memory address **0x0040000C. The value in **register** $10 is used as the base **address **for the **memory **access.

Option A is incorrect because it tries to load the data directly from **memory address** 0x0040000C without using **register** $10.

Option B is incorrect because it loads the data into **register **$10 instead of $5.

Option C is incorrect because it uses **register** $5 as the base **address **instead of $10.

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Consider a relation R(A,B,C,D,E). For which of the following sets of FDs is R in Boyce-Codd Normal Form (BCNF)?

BDE --> A, AC --> E, B --> C, DE --> A

BE --> D, B --> E, D --> E, CD --> A

ABD --> C, ACD --> E, ACE --> B, BC --> E

BCD -->E, BDE --> C, BE --> D, BE --> A

Boyce-Codd Normal Form (BCNF) is a type of normalization in **database **management that ensures that every determinant (a column or set of columns that uniquely identifies a row in a table) is a candidate key.

To determine which of the given sets of functional dependencies (FDs) result in R being in BCNF, we need to identify the determinants and **candidate** keys of each FD set.

For the first set of FDs, the determinants are BDE, AC, B, and DE. To determine if any of these are candidate keys, we can combine them in all possible ways to see if they uniquely determine all **attributes **of R. We find that none of these combinations result in a candidate key, as there are still remaining attributes that are not uniquely determined. Therefore, R is not in BCNF for this set of FDs.

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A router has only two links; incoming link has bandwidth 2 Mbps and outgoing link has bandwidth 8 Mbps. The next hop router in the outgoing link is 20 km away. A packet of 2000 bytes arrives at the incoming link. Calculate the time interval between the time when the first bit of the packet enters the router incoming interface and the time when the first bit of the packet enters the next hop router incoming interface. Initially all the queues are empty. Speed of light in fiber is 200,000 km/s. Note1: Mbps (Megabit per second), 1 byte = 8 bits, Don’t forget to convert units. Note2: Giga = 109 , Mega = 106 , kilo = 103 , milli = 10-3 , micro 10-6 , nano 10-9

The correct answer is:- 0.64 milliseconds. First, we need to calculate the time it takes for the packet to travel from the incoming interface to the outgoing interface of the **router**.

The distance between the two **interfaces **is not given, but we can calculate it using the **speed **of light and the distance between the routers. The distance between the routers is 20 km, so the total distance that the packet needs to travel is 40 km (since it needs to go to the outgoing router and then come back to the next **hop **router).

Convert the packet size to bits: 2000 bytes * 8 bits/**byte **= 16,000 bits, Calculate the time required for the packet to be transmitted over the incoming link: 16,000 bits / 2 Mbps = 16,000 bits / (2 * 10^6 bits/s) = 0.008 seconds or 8 milliseconds

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Write a query that:

Computes the average length of all films that each actor appears in.

Rounds average length to the nearest minute and renames the result column "average".

Displays last name, first name, and average, in that order, for each actor.

Sorts the result in descending order by average, then ascending order by last name.

SELECT last_name, first_name, **ROUND**(AVG(length)/60) as average FROM actors JOIN roles ON actors.id = roles. actor_idJOIN films ON roles.

The query to compute the **average **length of all films that each actor appears in, round average length to the nearest minute, and rename the result column "average" and display the last name, first name, and average, in that order, for each actor and sort the result in descending order by average, then **ascending **order by last name is given below:

IdGROUP BY actors. **idORDER **BY average DESC, last_name ASC; The SELECT statement retrieves the last name, first name of the actors, and the rounded average length of the films that the actor has appeared in.The ROUND function is used to round the average length of the films to the nearest minute. For this **purpose**, the length of the films has to be converted from seconds to minutes.

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Consider the following actions taken by transaction T1 on database objects X and Y : R(X), W(X), W(Y)

Give an example of another transaction T2 that, if run concurrently to transaction T without some form of concurrency control, could interfere with T1.

Explain how the use of Strict 2PL would prevent interference between the two transactions.

Strict 2PL is used in many database systems. Give two reasons for its popularity.

Two reasons for the popularity of** Strict 2PL **are: 1. It ensures conflict serializability, which means that the outcome of concurrent transactions is equivalent to executing them in a serial manner. 2. It is simple to implement, making it appealing to database developers.

The transaction T1 takes three actions on the **database objects** X and Y:

Read operation (R) on X, Write operation (W) on X and another write operation (W) on Y.

An example of another transaction T2 that could interfere with T1 if run concurrently without concurrency control is as follows:

Suppose** transaction **T2 intends to read object Y before T1 writes it. In this scenario, the value read by T2 would be the initial value of Y, which will become outdated once T1 has updated it.

As a result, T2 may use obsolete data, resulting in inconsistencies in the database.

Strict 2PL (Two-Phase Locking) is a concurrency control mechanism that can be used to prevent interference between transactions.

In this method, each transaction has to follow two phases: a growing phase and a **shrinking phase.**

In the growing phase, the transaction is permitted to acquire locks but not to release them. In contrast, in the shrinking phase, the transaction can only release locks but not acquire new ones.

A transaction acquires locks for each database object it accesses and keeps them until the transaction is complete.

T2 would have to wait for T1 to release its locks before being allowed to access the **shared objects. **

As a result, Strict 2PL would prevent T2 from interfering with T1 by blocking T2 until T1 releases its locks.

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Write a Python program to get a string from a given string where all occurrences of its first char have been changed to '$', except the first char itself.

Sample String : 'restart'

Expected Result : 'resta$t'

Here's a Python program to get a string from a given string where all **occurrences** of its first char have been changed to '$', except the first char itself:```python

def **change_occurrence**(string):

char = string[0]

modified = string[1:]

.replace(char, '$')

return char + modified

input_string = 'restart'

print(**change_occurrence**(input_string)) # Output: resta$t

```In the above program, we first define a function `change_occurrence` which accepts a string as input. We then extract the first character of the input string and store it in a variable called `char`.Next, we modify the input string to replace all occurrences of `char` with '$', but only starting from the second character (i.e. we exclude the first character). We store this modified string in a variable called `modified`.Finally, we **concatenate** `char` with `modified` and return the resulting string.Note that we could have used a more concise approach using string slicing and the `**replace**` function as shown below:```python

def **change_occurrence**(string):

return string[0] + string[1:].replace(string[0], '$')

input_string = 'restart'

print(**change_occurrence**(input_string)) # Output: resta$t

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For laminar flow of a fluid over a flat plate, if the Prandtl number is increased, the ratio of the velocity boundary layer thickness to the thermal boundary layer thickness will: increase decrease. o remain the same.

For laminar flow of a fluid over a flat **plate**, if the Prandtl number is increased, the ratio of the velocity boundary layer thickness to the thermal boundary layer thickness will increase.

This is because the Prandtl number is the ratio of the **momentum** diffusivity to the thermal diffusivity of a fluid, so an increase in the Prandtl number means that the momentum diffusivity is relatively higher compared to the thermal diffusivity.

The results in a thicker velocity boundary layer compared to the **thermal** boundary layer, causing the ratio of their thicknesses to increase. However, it is important to note that this relationship only holds for laminar flow and may not necessarily apply for turbulent flow.

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an input cylinder with a diameter of 25 mm is connected to an output cylinder with a diameter of 100 mm. a force of 15 kn is applied to the input cylinder. what is the output force? how far would we need to move the cylinder to move the output cylinder 100mm?

The** output force is 240 kN,** derived from Pascal's Law, which states that the force is proportional to the area of the pistons.

The** smaller piston **must move 4 times the distance of the larger one due to the difference in areas. Hence, to move the output cylinder 100 mm, the input **cylinder** should be moved 400 mm.

Using **Pascal's law,** pressure is equal throughout a fluid in equilibrium. Given the areas ratio (16:1), force increases by the same ratio, giving an **output force of 240kN. **

The** smaller cylinder** must move four times further, hence 400mm for 100mm output.

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in the code generation procedure, a correct lexicographical level must be set for operations such as lod, sto, cal. briefly explain how to determine a lexicographical level for these operations.

**Lexicographical **levels are used to determine the scope and accessibility of variables and procedures. The lexicographical level of a variable or procedure is based on its position in the nested structure of scopes.

To determine the lexicographical level for **operations **such as lod, sto, and cal, we must first identify the scope in which the variable or procedure is defined. The scope of a variable or procedure is determined by its declaration.

Once we have identified the scope, we can determine the lexicographical level by counting the number of nested scopes between the current scope and the scope in which the variable or **procedure **is defined. This number represents the difference in lexicographical levels between the two scopes.

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-------------------------------------------------------

Many have argued that the strength of cryptographic tools rests not with keeping the algorithm secret but instead with keeping the encryption/decryption keys secret. Others have argued it is better to keep the details of the algorithm secret.

-------------------------------------------------------

1). Indicate whether or not you agree with this perspective.

2). Identify and describe three examples of security measures that have been designed and have since been broken or bypassed.

It is important to choose the appropriate **encryption technique **for the data being secured and maintain a balance between the secrecy of the algorithm and the secrecy of the keys.

1) Whether or not to keep the algorithm secret or encryption/decryption keys secret is dependent on the encryption techniques that you intend to use. For example, symmetric encryption relies on the secrecy of the keys, whereas asymmetric encryption relies on the secrecy of the** algorithm. **

2) There are a number of security measures that have been developed over time, but have since been breached or bypassed. Here are three examples:

- Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP): WEP was a **security protocol **that was commonly used to secure Wi-Fi networks. WEP used a 40- or 64-bit key, which was insufficient to secure wireless networks. It was discovered that the encryption used by WEP could be easily broken using publicly available tools.

- Secure Sockets Layer (SSL): SSL was a security protocol used to secure **web traffic. **It was discovered that SSL could be bypassed using the POODLE attack, which exploited a vulnerability in SSL version 3.

- MD5 Hash Function: MD5 is a widely used hash function that was designed to generate a unique fixed-length hash for a given input. It was later discovered that MD5 could be easily broken, and it was no longer considered a secure hash function.

Additionally, it is important to stay aware of potential vulnerabilities in security measures and update them as needed.

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Which of the following is not an example of Manufacturing Overhead?

Select one:

A. Electricity bill for administration building

B. Cleaning supplies for factory floor

C. Production facility rent expense

D. Manufacturing equipment depreciation

E. Factory supervisor salary

Option A), **Electricity** bill for administration building is not an example of Manufacturing Overhead.

Manufacturing Overhead refers to indirect costs that are incurred during the production process and cannot be easily traced back to a specific product. B, C, D, and E are all examples of **Manufacturing** Overhead because they are indirect costs that are incurred during the production process. To give a long answer, let's break down each option.

Electricity bill for **administration** building - This is not an example of Manufacturing Overhead because it is a direct cost that can be traced back to the administration building and not to the production process. Cleaning supplies for factory floor - This is an example of Manufacturing Overhead because it is an indirect cost that is incurred during the production process to maintain a clean factory floor.

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. a gear ratio is a direct measure of the ratio of the rotational speeds of two interlocking gears. it is calculated as the ratio of the number of teeth in the driven gear to the number of teeth in the drive (smaller) gear. a mechanic wants to design the gears with a gear ratio of approximately 3.87248. if he assumes that wheels cannot have more than 50 teeth on them, how many teeth should there be on each gear?

The mechanic should design the **gears** with 387 teeth on the driven gear and 7 teeth on the drive gear to achieve an approximate gear ratio of 3.87248.

Let's assume the number of teeth on the driven gear (larger gear) is "x," and the number of teeth on the drive gear (smaller gear) is "y."

We can set up the following **equation **based on the given information:

x/y ≈ 3.87248

To find the closest integer values for x and y that satisfy this equation, we can multiply both sides by a common factor to eliminate the decimal approximation:

10x/10y ≈ 38.7248

Now, we can choose a common **factor **to scale up the equation, such as multiplying both sides by 100:

100x/100y ≈ 387.248

From this equation, it's clear that we need to find two integers close to 387.248, with one number not exceeding 50. Let's start by checking multiples of 387:

Since 387/7 is close to an integer, let's consider it as a possibility:

x = 387

y = 7

In this case, the gear ratio would be:

x/y = 387/7 ≈ 55.2857

Therefore, the mechanic should design the **gears **with 387 teeth on the driven gear and 7 teeth on the drive gear to achieve an approximate gear ratio of 3.87248.

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A hydrogenation catalyst is prepared by soaking alumina particles (100-150 mesh size) in aqueous NiNO3 solution. After drying and reduction, the particles contain about 7 wt% NiO. This catalyst is then made into large cylindrical pellets for rate studies. The gross measurements for one pellet are: Mass, g 3.15 Diameter, mm 25 Thickness, mm 6 Volume, cm3 3.22 The alumina particles contain micropores, and the pelleting process introduces macropores surrounding the particles. If the macropore volume of the pellet is 0.645 cm3 and the micropore volume is 0.40 cm3 /g of particles, determine: i] The density of the pellet ii] The macropore volume in cm3 /g iii] The macropore void fraction in the pellet iv] The micropore void fraction in the pellet v] The solid fraction vi] The density of the particles

i] The density of the **pellet** is 0.977 g/cm^{3}. ii] The macropore volume in cm^{3}/g is 0.205 cm^{3}/g. iii] The macropore void fraction in the pellet is 25.1%.iv] The micropore void fraction in the pellet is 49.0%. v] The solid fraction of the pellet is 25.9%. vi] The density of the particles is 1.222 g/cm^{3}.

i] To determine the **density** of the pellet, we can use the formula:

Density = Mass / Volume

Given that the mass of the pellet is 3.15 g and the volume is 3.22cm^{3}, we can calculate the density as follows:

Density = 3.15 g / 3.22 cm^{3}≈ 0.977 [tex]g/cm^{3[/tex]

ii] The **macropore volume** in cm3/g can be calculated by dividing the macropore volume of the pellet (0.645 cm3) by the mass of the pellet (3.15 g):

Macropore volume = 0.645 cm^{3} / 3.15 g ≈ 0.205 [tex]cm^{3} /g[/tex]

iii] The macropore void fraction in the pellet can be calculated using the formula:

Macropore void fraction = Macropore volume / Total volume of the pellet

Total volume of the pellet = Volume - Macropore volume = 3.22 cm^{3}- 0.645 cm^{3} = 2.575 cm^{3}

Macropore void fraction = 0.645 cm^{3} / 2.575 [tex]cm^{3}[/tex]≈ 0.251 or 25.1%

iv] The micropore void fraction in the pellet can be calculated using the given micropore volume of the particles (0.40 cm^{3} /g) and the mass of the pellet (3.15 g):

Micropore volume in the pellet = Micropore volume/g x Mass

Micropore volume in the pellet = 0.40 [tex]cm^{3} /g[/tex] x 3.15 g = 1.26 cm3

Micropore void fraction = Micropore volume in the pellet / Total volume of the pellet

Micropore void fraction = 1.26 [tex]cm^{3}[/tex] / 2.575 [tex]cm^{3}[/tex] ≈ 0.490 or 49.0%

v] The **solid fraction** of the pellet can be calculated by subtracting the sum of macropore and micropore void fractions from 1:

Solid fraction = 1 - (Macropore void fraction + Micropore void fraction)

Solid fraction = 1 - (0.251 + 0.490) ≈ 0.259 or 25.9%

vi] The density of the particles can be determined using the mass of the pellet (3.15 g) and the total volume of the particles:

Total volume of the particles = Volume - Macropore volume = 3.22 [tex]cm^{3}[/tex]- 0.645 [tex]cm^{3}[/tex] = 2.575[tex]cm^{3}[/tex]

Density of the particles = Mass / Total volume of the particles

Density of the particles = 3.15 g / 2.575[tex]cm^{3}[/tex] ≈ 1.222 [tex]g/cm^{3}[/tex]

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Design a beam for a 24-ft simple span to support the working uniform loads of wD 1.25 k/ft (includes beam self-weight) and w 3.0 k/ft. The maximum per- missible total load deflection under working loads is 1/360 of the span. Use 50 ksi steel and consider moment, shear, and deflection. The beam is to be braced laterally at its ends and midspan only. Determine Cb. (Ans. W24 × 62 LRFD and ASD)

Note that the **W24 × 62 beam** is the **lightest beam **that can be used to support the loads and satisfy the **deflection requirements**.

1. Calculate the **total load **on the beam -

w = wD + w

= 1.25 k/ft + 3.0 k/ft

** = 4.25 k/ft**

2. Calculate the **moment **at the end of the **beam **-

M = wL^2/8

= 4.25 k/ft * 24 ft^2 / 8

**= 150 ft-k**

3. Calculate the **shear **at the end of the **beam **

V = wL/2 =

4.25 k/ft * 24 ft / 2

**= 49 k**

4. Calculate the **deflection **of the beam -

deflection = L^4/384EI

= 24 ft^4 / 384 * 50 ksi * 29000 in^4

**= 0.12 in**

5. Select a **beam **that can support the moment, shear, and **deflection**.

The following beams can be used

* W24 × 62

* W27 × 50

* W30 × 45

6. Determine the **Cb factor.**

The Cb factor is a modification factor that is used to account for the effects of lateral bracing.

The value of the **Cb factor **depends on the type of lateral bracing and the bracing spacing.

For a beam that is braced laterally at its ends and midspan only, the value of the Cb factor is** 1.0.**

Therefore, the** W24 × 62 **beam is the lightest beam that can be used to support the loads and satisfy the deflection requirements.

The Cb factor for a beam that is braced laterally at its ends and midspan only is** 1.0.**

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1. A heat engine operates with a heat source maintained at 900 K and delivers 550 W of net mechanical power while rejecting heat at a rate of 450 W to the environment whose temperature is 300 K. a) Determine if the heat engine is a Carnot heat engine. b) Suppose the net mechanical power is used to power a completely reversible heat pump operating between the temperatures of 265 K and 300 K. At what rate is heat delivered (

Q

˙

H

) to the space maintained at the higher temperature?

Here, the temperature of the** hot reservoir **or source is T1 = 900 K. The temperature of the cold reservoir or sink is T2 = 300 K.

The work done by the engine is W = 550 W The heat rejected by the engine to the **environment **is Q2 = 450 W To find out whether the engine is a Carnot heat **engine**, we can use the formula of the efficiency of a heat engine. It is given by the expression:η = 1 - Q2/Q1Where Q1 is the heat absorbed by the engine from the hot reservoir.

Taking the inverse of the above expression, we get:Q1/Q2 - Q1 = 0Q1/Q2 = 1 / (1 - η)Since the efficiency of a Carnot heat engine is given by the expression:ηC = 1 - T2/T1If the **efficiency **of the given engine is η, then the ratio of the heat absorbed from the source to the heat rejected to the sink should be equal to T1/T2 for it to be a Carnot heat engine.

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Let the production Q of a company, in terms of the quantities of invested capital K and invested labour L, be given by the CES-production function Q: RRR: (K, L) (K¹/2+L¹/2)2. (Here "CES" is the abbreviation of constant elasticity of substitution.) What is the maximal production that the company can realise if they have a budget of b EUR to spend on capital and labour, given that a unit of capital costs k EUR and a unit of labour costs EUR? The answer will of course depend on the numbers b, k and , which we assume to be positive. Remark: To answer this question, you need to maximize a function subject to a constraint. If you find only one critical point, then you may assume it is the maximum that you are looking for, without checking any further conditions. Let the production Q of a company, in terms of the quantities of invested capital K and invested labour L, be given by the CES-production function Q: RRR: (K, L) (K¹/2 + L¹/2)². 4 (Here "CES" is the abbreviation of constant elasticity of substitution.) What is the maximal production that the company can realise if they have a budget of b EUR to spend on capital and labour, given that a unit of capital costs k EUR and a unit of labour costs / EUR? The answer will of course depend on the numbers b, k and , which we assume to be positive. Remark: To answer this question, you need to maximize a function subject to a constraint. If you find only one critical point, then you may assume it is the maximum that you are looking for, without checking any further conditions.

The maximal **production** cannot be achieved within the given budget **constraint**.

To find the maximal production that the company can realize given a budget of b EUR to spend on **capital** and labor, we need to maximize the CES-production function Q(K, L) = (K^(1/2) + L^(1/2))^2 subject to the constraint that the total cost does not exceed the budget.

Let's denote the cost of capital per unit as k EUR and the cost of labor per unit as l EUR.

The total cost **equation** can be written as:

Total Cost = K * k + L * l

Now, we need to formulate the problem as an optimization problem:

Maximize Q(K, L) = [tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^2[/tex]

Subject to the constraint: K * k + L * l ≤ b

To find the maximum, we can use the method of **Lagrange multipliers**.

Define the Lagrangian function as:

L(K, L, λ) = ([tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^2[/tex] + λ(b - K * k - L * l)

We need to find the critical points of the Lagrangian function L. Taking partial derivatives with respect to K, L, and λ and setting them to zero, we can find the critical points:

∂L/∂K = (1/2)[tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^2[/tex] - λk = 0

∂L/∂L = (1/2)[tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^2[/tex] - λl = 0

∂L/∂λ = b - K * k - L * l = 0

Simplifying the equations, we get:

[tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^2[/tex] = 2λk

[tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^2[/tex] = 2λl

K * k + L * l = b

Equating the two expressions for [tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^2[/tex], we can eliminate λ:

2λk = 2λl

k = l

Substituting k = l into the constraint equation, we get:

K + L = b / (k + l)

K + L = b / (2k)

Now, we have reduced the problem to finding the critical points of K + L = b / (2k) under the constraint K * k + L * l = b.

By solving these equations simultaneously, we can find the values of K and L that correspond to the maximal production given the budget constraint.

To find the values of K and L that correspond to the maximal production given the budget constraint, we need to solve the equations K + L = b / (2k) and K * k + L * l = b simultaneously.

Substituting K = b / (2k) - L into the second equation, we have:

(b / (2k) - L) * k + L * l = b

(b - L * 2k) + L * l = b

L * (l - 2k) = 0

Since L cannot be zero (assuming positive values for b, k, and l), we have:

l - 2k = 0

l = 2k

Substituting l = 2k into K + L = b / (2k), we get:

K + 2k = b / (2k)

K = (b / (2k)) - 2k

K = (b - [tex]4k^2[/tex]) / (2k)

Now, we have an expression for K in terms of k.

To find the value of k that maximizes the production, we can take the derivative of the CES-production function Q(K, L) = [tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^2[/tex] with respect to K and set it to zero:

dQ/dK = 1/2 * [tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^{-1/2}[/tex] * (1/2) * [tex]K^{-1/2}[/tex] = 0

Simplifying the equation, we have:

[tex](K^{1/2} + L^{1/2})^{-1/2}[/tex] * [tex]K^{-1/2}[/tex] = 0

Since K cannot be zero, we can disregard the first term. Thus, we have:

[tex]K^{-1/2}[/tex] = 0

This equation has no solution for K, which means there is no critical point for the CES-production function within the feasible region.

Therefore, the maximal production cannot be achieved within the given budget constraint.

Please note that the analysis provided assumes a simplified scenario based on the given equations and constraints. Additional considerations or specific **numerical** **values** for b, k, and l may result in different outcomes or solutions.

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which call below leads to a recursive call of the following method?

As per the **code** given, the call that leads to a **recursive** **call** of the foo method is: foo(15). The correct option is D.

A **function** or procedure calling itself within its own **body** is referred to as a recursive call.

To put it another way, a **recursive call** is a programming concept where a function calls itself while it is being executed to address a more manageable or **straightforward** **subproblem** of the main issue.

The else block is run and a **recursive** **call** to foo(n/2) is made when n is odd (as in the case of foo(15)).

The **base** **case** is triggered and the procedure returns 1 when this recursive call reaches the point where n is less than or equal to 0.

Therefore, only option **D** (foo(15)) for the **options** causes a recursive call.

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Your question seems incomplete, the probable complete question is:

Which call below leads to a recursive call of the following method?

public static int foo(int n) {

if (n<=0) {

return 1;

}

else if (n%2 == 0) {

return n/2;

}

else {

return foo(n/2);

}

}

Choices:

A. foo(0);

B. foo(-2);

C. foo(10);

D. foo(15);

a cpu-scheduling algorithm determines an order for the execution of its scheduled processes. given n processes to be scheduled on one processor, how many different schedules are possible?

The number of possible **schedules** increases rapidly as the number of processes to be scheduled increases. For example, if we have four processes to be scheduled, there are 4! = 24 possible schedules.

There are several **CPU** scheduling algorithms available in computer science that determine the order of execution of processes scheduled on a processor. When given n processes to be scheduled on a single processor, the number of different schedules that can be created is calculated using the formula.

To understand this, let's consider a simple example where we have three **processes** to be scheduled: P1, P2, and P3. To calculate the number of possible schedules, we need to find the factorial of 3, which is: 3! = 3 x 2 x 1 = 6

Therefore, there are six possible schedules for three processes to be scheduled on a single processor. These schedules can be listed as follows: P1 P2 P3 P1 P3 P2 P2 P1 P3 P2 P3 P1 P3 P1 P2 P3 P2 P1.

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There are 120 different schedules possible when given 5 processes to be scheduled on a single** processor.**

The total number of different schedules possible when given n processes to be scheduled on one processor can be determined by using the **factorial function. **The formula for the total number of possible schedules is given by n factorial, or n!Where n represents the number of processes to be scheduled on a single processor.

A** CPU-scheduling** algorithm determines an order for the execution of its scheduled processes. The CPU executes each process according to its order in the queue.

The CPU scheduler selects a process from the ready queue and dispatches it to the CPU for execution.The number of possible schedules for n processes on a single processor is calculated by the factorial function. The factorial function is a **mathematical function** that multiplies a number by all the positive integers less than it.

Mathematically, we can represent the factorial of n as n! and it can be computed as:n! = n * (n - 1) * (n - 2) * ... * 3 * 2 * 1

Therefore, the total number of possible schedules for n processes on a single processor is given by n factorial or n!.

For example, if there are 5 processes to be scheduled on a single processor, the total number of possible schedules would be:

5! = 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1 = 120.

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noConsecutives - this function takes a string as an argument and it modifies it (it does not return) so that all consecutive occurrences of the same character in the string are replaced by a single occurrence of that character. For example, the call noConsecutives("bookkeeeeper") should result in "bokeper". Remember that you control what's considered string contents with the null character. Test this function by calling it from main. While testing in main, recall one of the lecture research questions - which strings are actually modifiable in C.

The `**noConsecutives**()` function takes a string as an argument and modifies it so that all consecutive occurrences of the same character in the string are replaced by a single occurrence of that character.

This function does not return anything. For example, the function call `noConsecutives ("bookkeeeeper")` should result in "**bokeper**". Now, recall one of the lecture research questions - which strings are actually modifiable in C. In C, strings that are declared as character arrays are **modifiable**.

Hence, we cannot modify a string literal using the `noConsecutives()` function. It will result in a **segmentation **fault error when we attempt to modify a string literal.To test this function, we can call it from `main()`. Here's an example:```#include #include void noConsecutives(char str[]) { int len = strlen(str); int i, j; for(i=0, j=0; i

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draw a mechanism for the following reaction, which involves two consecutive friedel–crafts alkylations.

The **mechanism **for the following reaction involves two consecutive Friedel-Crafts alkylations.

The first **Friedel-Crafts** alkylation occurs with the benzene ring and the alkyl halide (RX) in the presence of a Lewis acid catalyst such as AlCl3. The Lewis acid catalyst forms a **complex **with the alkyl halide, which makes the carbon-halogen bond more reactive. The complex then reacts with the benzene ring to form a carbocation intermediate and a chloride ion.

In a Friedel-Crafts alkylation, the **electrophile **is usually an alkyl halide (R-X), and the nucleophile is an aromatic ring. The Lewis acid catalyst (such as AlCl3) helps in generating the electrophile by complexing with the halogen (X) from the alkyl halide.

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In the circuit shown in Fig. P8.49, a generator is connected to a load via a transmission line. Given that Rs = 10 12, Zline = (4 + j2) 12, and Zload = (40+ j30) 82: (a) Determine the power factor of the load, the power factor of the transmission line, and the power factor of the voltage source. (b) Specify the capacitance of a shunt capacitor C that would raise the power factor of the source to unity when connected between terminals (a, b). The source frequency is 60 Hz.

Given that Rs = 1012, Z line = (4 + j2)12, and Z load = (40+ j30)82.(a) Calculation of **power** **factor** is given as follows:

Impedance of transmission line, Z line = 4 + j2 Ω / phase Inductive impedance of the load, Z load = 40 + j30 Ω / phaseThe total load **impedance**, Z total = Z load + Z line = (4 + j2) 12 + (40+ j30) 82 = (736 + j284) ΩThe total load admittance, Ytotal = 1/Ztotal = 0.00123 - j0.0035 Siemens.

The equivalent generator impedance, Zgen = Rs = 1012 ΩThe total generator admittance, Ygen = 1/Rs = 10^-12 SiemensPower factor is given as cos φ = Re (S) / |S|**Power** **factor** of the load, cos φL = Re (Sload) / |Sload| = Re (Vline * IL*) / |Vline * IL*|Where Vline is the line voltage and IL* is the complex conjugate of the line currentIL* = (Vline - Vload) / (Zline + Zload)Vload = Vline - IL * Zload = Vline - (Vline - Vload) Zload / (Zline + Zload)Vload = (Vline * Zline) / (Zline + Zload)Substituting the values and simplifying, we get cos φL = 0.72 (lagging)

Power factor of the **transmission** line, cos φline = Re (Sline) / |Sline| = Re (Vline * IL*) / |Vline * IL*|Substituting the values and simplifying, we get cos φline = 0.994 (lagging)Power factor of the voltage source, cos φgen = Re (Sgen) / |Sgen| = Re (Vgen * Igen*) / |Vgen * Igen*

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Consider a world in which there are only four proposition, A,B,C, and D. How many models are there for the following sentences? Justify your answer. 1. (A∧B)∨(B∧C) 2. A∨B 3. A⇔B⇔C

There are 8 **models** for the first sentence, 16 models for the second sentence, and 81 models for the third sentence :1. (A∧B)∨(B∧C) : 8 models2. A∨B : 4 models3. A⇔B⇔C : 81 models

There are 8 models for the first sentence, 16 models for the** second sentence**, and 81 models for the third sentence. Let's consider each sentence in turn:

1. (A∧B)∨(B∧C)

There are 4 possible ways of assigning truth values to A, B, and C:

ABCModel TFTTTFFTFTTFFFTTFFTFTFFTTFTFFTTFFT

2 of these models make the **sentence true**: (T∧T)∨(T∧F) and (F∧T)∨(T∧F).

Since there are 2 models that make the sentence true, there are 8 models that make the sentence false.

2. A∨B There are 4 possible ways of assigning truth values to A and B:

ABModelTFFFTTTFFTFTFFTTFFT There are 3 models that make the sentence true: T∨T, T∨F, and F∨T.

Since there are 3 models that make the sentence true, there are 1+1+2=4 models that make the sentence false.3. A⇔B⇔C

There are 4 possible ways of assigning truth values to A, B, and C:

ABCModelTFTTTFFFTFTTFFFTTFFTFFTTFTFFTTFFTFFTTFFTTFFT

There are 27 models that make the sentence true: TTT, TFF, FTT, FTF, TFT, FFT, FFF.

Since there are 27 models that make the sentence true, there are 54 models that make the** sentence false.**

There are therefore 8 models for the first sentence, 16 models for the second sentence, and 81 models for the third sentence.

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a 9.32 1014 hz electromagnetic wave propagates in carbon tetrachloride with a speed of 2.05 108 m/s. the wavelength of the wave in vacuum is closest to:
Which type of supplier is hired to provide products or services directly to a lead firm?A) SubcontractorsB) Prime contractorC) Tier - 1D) Tier - 2
Reduce the given matrix. 3 6 12 9 18 36 9 18 36 What is the reduced form of the given matrix? (Simplify your answers.)
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2004 Consider clustering the spons PL-Y). P. - (x2.73). P = (2.5,0).P: = (3.5.0).Ps - (0,3),&p - (0,5). using og utong with contro linkage and Euclidean distance What we dy sucht stand refused . then and Pred . and now used then the chand the users. Palauned and in the duties and the cluster pr. palosed with anniversion being created meaning that the distance between Pandora less the distance between two chusters which were previously und DAX=15.12.22.22 O94-202072 10.1 OC 05.10.00.12-05 OD-5442-36-40 OE-4.25 Consider using spois D: = (x2). P2 - (x2) .- 25.0, D-0.5.01. -0,3), 6-(0.5). ng larative string with conting and diren distance Wat was such and are then and med . Gens and refused . then the dustersPal and the same and the contra de ce predmete band Planets to deters which were previously OAX15*22222 OBY99,29012101 OC 05.10.2005 0.254.14 DE42.75
Today, you have $40,000 to invest. Two investment alternatives are available to you. One would require you to invest your $40,000 now; the other would require the $40,000 investment two years from now. In either case, the investments will end five years from now. The cash flows for each alternative are provided below. Using a MARR of 13%, what should you do with the $40,000 you have? Click the icon to view the alternatives description. Click the icon to view the interest and annuity table for discrete compounding when the MARR is 13% per year. The FW of the Alternative 1 is $. (Round to the nearest dollar.) Today, you have $40,000 to invest. Two investment alternatives are available to you. One would require you to invest your $40,000 now; the other would require the $40,000 investment two years from now. In either case, the investments will end five years from now. The cash flows for each alternative are provided below. Using a MARR of 13%, what should you do with the $40,000 you have? Click the icon to view the X - Click the icon to view the More Info The FW of the Alternative 1 is Alternative 1 Alternative 2 - $40,000 $13,000 $13,000 $0 $0 - $40,000 $13,000 $18,000 $10,000 $18,000 $14,000 $18,000 Year 0 1 2 3 4 5 Print Done D
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