Your got yearly bonus of $8000 and you would like to invest that entire amount in target maturity bonds.

Rate of return is 7.5% per year.

Future worth of this bond after 10years?

The result is $16,277.23, which is the **future value **of the bond after 10 years at a 7.5% annual rate of return.

To calculate the **future value** of the bond after 10 years, we can use the FV function in Excel. The formula for FV is:

=FV(rate, nper, pmt, [pv], [type])

Where:

rate: the interest rate per periodnper: the total number of payment periodspmt: the payment made each period (in this case, 0 since we are not making any additional payments)pv: the present value of theUsing the given values, our formula becomes:

=FV(7.5%, 10, 0, -8000, 0)

The result is $16,277.23, which is the** future value **of the bond after 10 years at a 7.5% annual rate of return. Therefore, your $8,000 **investment** will grow to $16,277.23 after 10 years.

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Use the following information from Jim's T-Shirt Shop to answer the following questions. Checkbook balance: $6,105.42 on July 31 Bank statement: $4,146.46 on July 31 a. NSF check from a customer for $21.25 (debit memo from bank) b. interest added to checking account $8.50 (credit memo from bank) c. deposit made on July 31 not yet recorded by bank $1948.25 d. bank services charges of $18.50 (debit memo from bank) e. checks not cleared during July of $152.38 f. check written for $18.90 was deducted as $19.80 by the bank g. check written for $145.60 was recorded in checkbook as $14.56 What is the net deduction from the checkbook balance? What is the adjusted cash per book balance?

The net deduction from the checkbook balance is $152.14, and the **adjusted cash** per book balance is $5,953.28.

The net deduction from the checkbook balance is calculated by adding up all the debits and subtracting the **credits**. From the given information, we have the following deductions:

- **NSF **check from a customer: $21.25

- Bank services charges: $18.50

- Checks not cleared: $152.38

- Bank's recording errors: $0.90 ($19.80 - $18.90) + $131.04 ($145.60 - $14.56)

Total deductions: $21.25 + $18.50 + $152.38 + $0.90 + $131.04 = $323.07

To find the adjusted cash per book balance, we subtract the total deductions from the checkbook balance:

$6,105.42 - $323.07 = $5,782.35

However, we also need to consider the **deposit **made on July 31 that was not yet recorded by the bank:

$5,782.35 + $1,948.25 = $7,730.60

Therefore, the adjusted cash per book balance is $5,953.28 ($7,730.60 - $1,777.32).

In summary, the net deduction from the **checkbook **balance is $152.14, and the adjusted cash per book balance is $5,953.28.

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How will an organisation that has just completed its recruitment and selection of new hires after two years of a work from home (WFH)modality increase the performance and productivity of these employee

This can include bonuses, promotions, or other rewards. By providing incentives, remote workers will be more likely to stay motivated and engaged in their work, leading to increased productivity and improved performance.These strategies can help organizations increase the performance and productivity of new hires who have been recruited and selected after two years of a work from home (WFH) **modality.**

An organization that has just completed its recruitment and selection of new hires after two years of a work from home (WFH) modality can increase the performance and **productivity **of these employees by doing the following:Establish expectations and standards: A productive and efficient remote workforce starts with well-defined expectations and standards. It's critical to set goals and standards for job responsibilities, communication practices, and other key aspects of the job. By doing so, remote workers can be held to the same high standards as office-based employees, ensuring that they remain motivated, engaged, and productive.Communication: Communication is key in any organization, and even more so when employees are working from home. Regular check-ins, meetings, and daily **communications **should be established to ensure that employees are not only meeting expectations but also feeling supported. A communication platform can be used to help facilitate this.Measurement of performance: It is important for managers to be able to measure employee **performance**. This can be done through regular check-ins and performance reviews. These reviews can be used to help identify areas where employees are excelling, as well as areas where they need improvement.Supportive environment: A supportive environment can help increase employee productivity and job satisfaction. This can be achieved through team building exercises, training, and other activities that help to build a sense of camaraderie among remote workers. This can help to ensure that employees feel valued and appreciated, which can help to increase their motivation and productivity.Incentives: Finally, incentives can be used to help motivate and reward employees who are meeting or exceeding expectations. This can include bonuses, promotions, or other rewards. By providing incentives, remote workers will be more likely to stay motivated and engaged in their work, leading to increased productivity and improved performance.These strategies can help organizations increase the performance and productivity of new hires who have been recruited and selected after two years of a work from home (WFH) modality.

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Recruiting workers with disabilities (WWDs)

Issues

Identify issues with workers with disabilities within

recruitment. The issues should be discussed within the Australian

context. For example, this g

Issues associated with workers with disabilities in recruitment are discussed below; Employers' Perception: A major barrier to recruitment is the negative attitude held by employers towards WWDs. The employer's stereotype of disability contributes to discrimination during the **recruitment** process.

One issue with recruiting WWDs in the Australian context is the employer's perception. This is a significant barrier to the recruitment process, as negative attitudes and **stereotypes** can contribute to discrimination. Employers' perception of WWDs, such as their lack of productivity or motivation, contributes to discrimination during the recruitment process.

A lack of **communication** between employers and WWDs also contributes to discrimination. Employers may not be aware of the potential benefits of hiring WWDs due to limited communication. Some employers may not have the necessary resources to meet the unique needs of WWDs, such as workplace adjustments and training, making it difficult for them to be recruited.

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Calculate the required rate of return for Digital Inc assuming that (1) investors expect a 6% rate of inflation in the future (2) the real risk-free rate is 2.5% (3) the market risk premium is 5.5% (4) the firm has a beta of 1.40 and (5) its realized rate of return has averaged 15.0% over the last 5 years.

Please use excel

The required rate of return for Digital Inc is 16.35%, based on the provided** information** and calculations.

To calculate the required rate of return for** Digital Inc** using the provided information, you can follow these steps in Excel:

1. Set up the inputs in separate cells:

- Expected inflation rate: 6% (cell A1)

- Real risk-free rate: 2.5% (cell A2)

- Market risk premium: 5.5% (cell A3)

- Beta: 1.40 (cell A4)

- Average realized rate of return: 15.0% (cell A5)

2. Calculate the nominal risk-free rate by adding the expected **inflation **rate to the real risk-free rate. In cell B2, enter the formula: `=(1+A1/100)*(1+A2/100)-1`.

3. Calculate the required rate of return using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) formula. In cell B4, enter the formula: `=B2+B4*B3`.

4. The value in cell B4 will be the required rate of return for Digital Inc.

Note: The CAPM formula used here assumes a simplified model and may not capture all factors affecting the required rate of return. It is important to consider additional **factors** and perform a comprehensive analysis when making investment decisions.

Here is an example of how the Excel sheet would look like:

Inputs

Expected inflation 6.00%

Real risk-free rate 2.50%

Market risk premium 5.50%

Beta 1.40

Average realized rate of return 15.00%

Calculations

Nominal risk-free rate 9.10%

Required rate of return 16.35%

Please note that the above values are examples based on the provided information, and you should adjust the formulas and cells according to your specific Excel setup.

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Week 3 Date Transaction description 15 Turbo Tech paid $700 in partial payment of their account. 15 Paid sales staff wages of $5,323 for the two weeks up to and including yesterday, Cheque No. 607. 17

This transaction represents the disbursement of $5,323 to cover the wages of the sales staff for the past two weeks, up to and including the day before the **transaction**. The payment was made via Cheque No. 607.

On Week 3, Date 15, Turbo Tech made a partial **payment **of $700 towards their account.

This transaction reflects Turbo Tech's payment of $700 towards their outstanding **account balance**.

On Week 3, Date 15, the company also paid the **sales **staff wages amounting to $5,323 for the two-week period, including the previous day. The payment was made through Cheque No. 607.

This transaction represents the disbursement of $5,323 to cover the wages of the sales staff for the past two weeks, up to and including the day before the transaction. The payment was made via Cheque No. 607.

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- D. The... .....model of leadership is focused on Identifying personal characteristics that cause effective leadership. Mgt230 Final Exam preparation 2021 2022 A. Contingency B. Trait C. Transactiona

These qualities can include both innate and **acquired characteristics** that are commonly identified with **effective leaders**. Hence, option B, trait, is the correct answer.

The model of leadership that is focused on identifying personal characteristics that cause effective leadership is the **Trait model of leadership**. A leadership model is the theoretical way of approaching a leadership role. It offers a framework for better **comprehension** of the leadership process. It lays out the principles and structures for leaders to follow when leading a team. There are numerous leadership models in the field of management, and these models are classified into several categories. The Trait Model, the Contingency Model, the Transactional Model, and the **Transformational Model** are some of the most often used models. The Trait model of leadership concentrates on identifying personal characteristics that create effective leadership.

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Consider the boxes below, which represent your CNS and put the following major areas into the appropriate box below in a superior to inferior manner (Cerebrum, Diencephalon, Brainstem, Cerebellum, and Spinal Cord)

**CNS **in a superior to inferior manner is represented below.

Inferior

--------------------------------

| Spinal Cord |

--------------------------------

| Brainstem |

--------------------------------

| Diencephalon |

--------------------------------

| Cerebellum |

--------------------------------

| Cerebrum |

--------------------------------

Superior

The diagram above represents the major areas of the central nervous system (CNS) arranged in a superior to inferior manner. Here is a brief explanation of each area and its position:

1. **Spinal Cord:**

The spinal cord is located at the most inferior part of the CNS. It is a long, cylindrical bundle of nerves that extends from the base of the brainstem to the lower back. The spinal cord serves as a pathway for transmitting sensory and motor signals between the brain and the rest of the body.

2. **Brainstem:**

Located superior to the spinal cord, the brainstem is a region connecting the spinal cord to the higher brain structures. It includes the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. The brainstem controls vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and consciousness.

3. **Diencephalon:**

Situated above the brainstem, the diencephalon includes structures like the thalamus and hypothalamus. It plays a crucial role in regulating sensory perception, sleep-wake cycles, hormone production, and maintaining homeostasis.

4. **Cerebellum:**

The cerebellum is positioned superior to the brainstem and is located at the posterior (back) part of the brain. It is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements, balance, and posture.

5. **Cerebrum:**

The cerebrum is the most superior part of the CNS and is divided into two cerebral hemispheres. It is the largest and most complex region of the brain, responsible for higher cognitive functions such as conscious thought, memory, perception, and voluntary movement.

The central nervous system (CNS) consists of various major areas, each with its specific functions and locations. From inferior to superior, the CNS can be organized as the spinal cord, brainstem, diencephalon, cerebellum, and cerebrum. Understanding the anatomical arrangement of these areas helps in comprehending their respective roles and interactions within the nervous system.

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Benton Company had the following for the past year $ 240,00 49, Soles 24 units at $10.09) Varile costs Direct water als Direct labor Overhead contribution in Find costs Exed overhead Fixed selling and adminstrative expenses t.com 4.16 20 9.00 $24,00 Aforincomowe winter buy 2007 perut in addition to you would read overhod by 5930 odsoting and admin hty5465 Asung Connect wit D. Benjamin Company had the following results of operations for the past year. $ 248,000 Sales (24,800 units at $10.00) Variable costs Direct materials Direct labor Overhead contribution margin Fixed costs Fixed overhead Fixed selling and administrative expenses Income 49,600 99,200 4,960 94,240 19,840 49,600 $ 24,800 A foreign company (whose sales will not affect Benjamin's market) offers to buy 6,200 units at $7.5 costs by $465. Assuming Benjamin has excess capacity and accepts the offer. Its profits will: Multiple Choice Increase by $46.500. Increase by 59.300. O O Decrease by 59.300 0 Increase by 59.080.

Comparing the **revenue** ($46,500) and variable costs ($205,432), it is evident that Benjamin would incur a **loss** of $205,432 - $46,500 = -$158,932 if they accept the offer.

To determine the change in **profits** if Benjamin Company accepts the offer from the foreign company, let's analyze the cost and revenue implications.

Currently, Benjamin Company sells 24,800 units at $10.00 per unit, resulting in total sales of $248,000. The variable **costs** per unit include direct materials ($4.16), direct labor ($20), and overhead ($9.00), totaling $33.16 per unit. The contribution margin per unit is $10.00 - $33.16 = -$23.16.

If Benjamin accepts the offer to sell 6,200 units at $7.50 per unit, the total **revenue** would be 6,200 units * $7.50 = $46,500. However, the variable costs per unit remain the same at $33.16. Therefore, the variable costs for the 6,200 units would be 6,200 units * $33.16 = $205,432.

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Question 3 In a credit market any borrower needs to borrow one unit of capital to invest in its project. Any project results in one of the two outcomes: success (return $2500), or failure (return $0). There are two types of borrowers: type s (safe) and type r (risky). The probability of success is 1/4 for type s and 1/8 for type r. Loans are given to groups of two borrowers through the joint liability contract (630, 480), where 630 is the individual liability component and 480 is the joint liability component. Denote by Yab the average net income of a borrower whose own type is a and whose group partner is of type b. (a) (12 points] Showing all steps of your work, determine ysr, Yrs, Yss, Yrr. (b) (2 points] Suppose there are four borrowers: two of type s, two of type r. Show that same types forming groups is a stable formation.

(a) To determine the average **net income** for each borrower type in different group compositions, we can calculate the expected values of net income for **each scenario.**

Ysr: This represents the average net income for a** borrower **of type s paired with a borrower of type r.

Probability of success for type s **borrower: 1/4**

Probability of failure for type r borrower: 7/8 (complement of success)

Net income for s**uccess: $2500**

Net income for failure: $0

Ysr = (1/4) * $2500 + (7/8) * $0

Ysr = $625

Yrs: This represents the average net income for a borrower of type r paired with a borrower of type s.

Probability of** success **for type r borrower: 1/8

Probability of failure for type s borrower: 3/4 (complement of success)

Net income for success: $2500

Net income for failure: $0

Yrs = (1/8) * $2500 + (3/4) * $0

**Yrs = $312.50**

Yss: This represents the **average** net income for a pair of borrowers both of type s.

Probability of success for both type s borrowers: (1/4) * (1/4)

Probability of failure for both type s borrowers: (3/4) * (3/4)

Net income for success: $2500

Net income for failure: $0

Yss = (1/4) * (1/4) * $2500 + (3/4) * (3/4) * $0

Yss = $156.25

Yrr: This represents the average net income for a pair of borrowers both **of type r.**

Probability of success for both type r borrowers: (1/8) * (1/8)

Probability of failure for both type r borrowers: (7/8) * (7/8)

Net income for success: $2500

Net income for failure: $0

Yrr = (1/8) * (1/8) * $2500 + (7/8) * (7/8) * $0

Yrr = $273.44

(b) To show that same types forming groups is a stable formation, we compare the net income o**f borrowers** within the same type group (Yss and Yrr) with the net income of borrowers in mixed type groups (Ysr and Yrs).

Yss = $156.25 (average net income for same type s group)

Yrr = $273.44 (average net income for same type r group)

Ysr = $625 (average net income for mixed type group)

Yrs = $312.50 (average net income for mixed type group)

We can observe that Yss < Ysr and Yrr < Yrs, which indicates that borrowers within the same type group have lower average net incomes **compared **to borrowers in mixed type groups. Therefore, same types forming groups is a stable formation as it provides higher net incomes for borrowers.

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The Lakeside Company uses a weighted-average process costing system. The following data are available: Beginning inventory -0- Units started in production 30,000 Units finished during the period 24,000 Units in process at the end of the period (complete as to materials, 6,000 X complete as to labor and overhead) Cost of materials used $76,800 $49,400 Labor and overhead costs Total cost of the 6.000 units of the ending inventory: (Round intermediate calculations to two decimal places and round your final answer to the nearest whole dollar.)

The **total cost** of the 6,000 units of the ending **inventory** is $50,733.33.

In a **weighted-average process** costing system, the calculation of cost of goods sold and ending inventory involves averaging the cost per unit of beginning inventory and the cost of units started during the period. Based on the information provided, the total cost of materials used is $76,800 and the total cost of labor and overhead costs is $49,400, resulting in a total cost of $126,200. **Dividing** this total cost by the total units started and finished during the period (30,000 units), we get a cost per unit of $4.21. Using this cost per unit, we can calculate the cost of goods sold for the period as $100,980 (24,000 units finished x $4.21 per unit). To calculate the cost of the ending inventory, we need to account for the 6,000 units in **process** at the end of the period. Of these 6,000 units, we are told that 6,000 are complete as to materials and labor and overhead. Therefore, the cost of these 6,000 units is simply 6,000 units x $4.21 per unit for a total of $25,260.

However, this cost must be adjusted to account for the partially complete units in process at the end of the period. Since we are not given any information about the cost of the work done on these units, we cannot make any **assumptions** about their cost and therefore must exclude them from the calculation.

Therefore, the total cost of the 6,000 units of the ending inventory is $50,733.33 ($25,260 for the **complete** units plus an unknown amount for the partially complete units).

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1) Net Revenue before bad debt is _________.

a) $ 700,000

b) $ 500,000

c) $ 1,200,000

d) $ 990,000

e) None of the above

[Questions 10-17] New Hospital, Inc. has the following T-account summaries: (All accounts have normal balances-that is, accounts that normally have a debit balance, have a debit balance and accounts t

1) Net **Revenue** before the** **bad debt is $700,000.

Net **revenue** before bad debt refers to the total revenue generated by a company before accounting for any potential bad **debts** or uncollectible accounts. It represents the revenue earned by the company from its core **operations** before factoring in any losses due to non-payment by customers. In this case, the answer is $700,000, which is the closest option provided.

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1- Please, express how inflation affect the three functions of money.

2- Explain the role of commercial banks in terms of expansion of money supply, emphasizing the limitations of the process.

3- There is an initial deposit in RBC Bank of $5,000.00. The required reserve ratio is 5%. Assume the bank does not keep any excess reserves and people deposit all money into the banking system. Answer these questions: (think that bank has a fractional reserve banking system):

a- How much are RBC Bank’s required reserves with this deposit?

b- By how much do RBC Bank’s excess reserves increase with this deposit?

c-Assume RBC bank loans out its excess reserves to Jennifer. Jennifer buys a new boat with her loan and therefore writes a check on her new account to Jack. Jack then deposits this check in Union Bank. Union Bank then must keep $_____ as required reserves and it lends out $___to Angelina. At this point in the process, by how much has the money supply increased (assuming the initial deposit is new money)? ___

d-If this process continues and all checks are re-deposited back into the banking system, by how much will the money supply increase when the process is complete? $___

**Inflation** affects the three functions of money, namely medium of exchange, store of value, and unit of account.

In terms of the medium of exchange, inflation reduces the purchasing power of money, making it less **effective** in facilitating transactions. As a store of value, inflation erodes the real value of money over time, diminishing its ability to retain purchasing power. Inflation also hampers money's function as a unit of account by distorting price signals and creating uncertainties in economic **calculations.**

Commercial banks play a crucial role in expanding the money **supply** through the process of fractional reserve banking. When banks receive deposits, they are required to hold a fraction of those deposits as reserves. The remaining portion is available for lending and investment, effectively creating new money in the form of loans. However, this expansion of the money supply has** limitations**. Banks must maintain a minimum reserve requirement set by the central bank, limiting the extent to which they can create new money. Additionally, banks' lending decisions are influenced by **factors** such as creditworthiness, liquidity needs, and regulatory constraints, further restricting the expansion of money supply.

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4. Kufri village is located in the Himalayan region, with a population of 2000 inhabitants uniformly distributed between kilometers 35 and 37 of the road. There exist two restaurants at each end of the road. Restaurants compete in prices. Inhabitants utility function is as follows: U₂ = 35-p-tx, where p is the price of the Menu, t the transportation cost, and a the walking distance to the restaurant. Restaurants incur a marginal cost equal to 10: a) Compute the demands, equilibrium prices and the HHI index. b) A new restaurant has been opened at kilometer 36,2 of the road. The local go- vernment has implemented a new quality certificate which increases the marginal costs of the three restaurants from 10 to 20. Assume that the transportation cost is equal to 1. Compute the demands, equilibrium prices and the HHI index.

In the given scenario, **Kufri village** has a population of 2000 **inhabitants **distributed uniformly between kilometers 35 and 37 of the road.

a) To compute the demands, **equilibrium prices**, and the HHI index, we need to find the price at which the demand equals the supply for each restaurant.

Let's calculate the equilibrium prices and **demands**:

Restaurant at kilometer 35: Demand = 2000/2 = 1000, Equilibrium Price = Marginal Cost = 10

Restaurant at kilometer 37: Demand = 2000/2 = 1000, Equilibrium Price = Marginal Cost = 10

In this case, since the market is evenly split between the two restaurants, the HHI index would be 0.5^2 + 0.5^2 = 0.5.

b) With the addition of a new restaurant at kilometer 36.2 and an increase in marginal costs for all restaurants from 10 to 20, we need to recalculate the demands, equilibrium prices, and the HHI index.

Let's calculate the new equilibrium prices and demands:

Restaurant at kilometer 35: Demand = 1000, Equilibrium Price = Marginal Cost = 20

Restaurant at kilometer 36.2: Demand = 1000/2 = 500, Equilibrium Price = Marginal Cost = 20

Restaurant at kilometer 37: Demand = 1000, Equilibrium Price = **Marginal **Cost = 20

The HHI index can be recalculated by summing the squared **market **shares of each restaurant:

HHI = (1000/2000)^2 + (500/2000)^2 + (1000/2000)^2 = 0.625

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Basic set-up of the experiment: • Kindergarten students and their teachers randomly assigned within their school to one of three groups beginning in the 1985-86 school year (so this is the D variable) • Small classes (13-17) • Regular size classes (22-25) • Remain in that class type for 4 years • Random assignment occurred within school; each school required to have at least one class type • Variety of standardized tests completed each year (this the y variable) Will the estimated treatment effect, y1 - yc , in Project STAR be an ATT or an ITT? Explain.

In Project STAR, the basic set-up of the** experiment **consisted of kindergarten students and their teachers being randomly assigned within their school to one of the three groups beginning in the 1985-86 school year (D variable), small classes (13-17), regular size classes (22-25), and remained in that class type for four years.

Random **assignment **occurred within the school; each school required to have at least one class type. A variety of standardized tests were completed each year (the y variable).The estimated treatment effect, y1 - yc, in Project STAR will be an ITT (Intention-to-Treat) effect. Intention-to-Treat (ITT) analysis refers to the statistical analysis of randomized controlled trial

(RCT) data where the aim is to estimate the** treatment** effect as if all subjects complied perfectly with the randomization. In the context of the Project STAR, ITT refers to the estimated treatment effect of being assigned to small classes as opposed to large classes compared to all those who were randomly assigned to small and large classes and regardless of whether they actually attended small classes or not.ompleted each year (the y variable).The estimated treatment effect, y1 - yc, in **Project **STAR will be an ITT (Intention-to-Treat) effect. Intention-to-Treat (ITT) analysis refers to the statistical analysis of randomized.

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Problem 11-09 (Algorithmic) Marty's Barber Shop has one barber. Customers have an arrival rate of 1.8 customers per hour, and haircuts are given with a service rate of 4 per hour. Use the Poisson arrivals and exponential service times model to answer the following questions: a. What is the probability that no units are in the system? Round your answer to four decimal places. Po = 0.55 b. What is the probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and no one is waiting? Round your answer to four decimal places. P1 = 0.2475 c. What is the probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and one customer is waiting? Round your answer to four decimal places. P2 = 0.2025 d. What is the probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and two customers are waiting? Round your answer to four decimal places. P3 = 0.0501 e. What is the probability that more than two customers are waiting? Round your answer to four decimal places. P(More than 2 waiting) = -0.0501 x f. What is the average time a customer waits for service? Round your answer to four decimal places. Wa= 0.2046 x minutes

**Probability** of no units in the systemThe probability of no units in the system is given by the formula: P0= 1 - λ / μwhere λ is the arrival rate and μ is the service rate. Substituting the given values, we get:P0 = 1 - λ / μ= 1 - 1.8 / 4= 0.55Therefore, the probability that no units are in the system is 0.55.b.

a. Probability of no units in the systemThe probability of no units in the system is given by the formula: P0= 1 - λ / μwhere λ is the arrival rate and μ is the **service rate**. Substituting the given values, we get:P0 = 1 - λ / μ= 1 - 1.8 / 4= 0.55Therefore, the probability that no units are in the system is 0.55.b. Probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and no one is waitingThe probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and no one is waiting is given by the formula: P1 = λ/μ * P0where P0 is the probability that no units are in the system. Substituting the given values, we get:P1 = λ/μ * P0= 1.8/4 * 0.55= 0.2475Therefore, the probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and no one is waiting is 0.2475.c. Probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and one customer is waitingThe probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and one customer is waiting is given by the formula: P2 = (λ/μ)^2 * P0/2!where P0 is the probability that no units are in the system. Substituting the given values, we get:P2 = (λ/μ)^2 * P0/2!= (1.8/4)^2 * 0.55/2!= 0.2025Therefore, the probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and one customer is waiting is 0.2025.d. Probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and two customers are waitingThe probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and two customers are waiting is given by the formula: P3 = (λ/μ)^3 * P0/3!where P0 is the probability that no units are in the system. Substituting the given values, we get:P3 = (λ/μ)^3 * P0/3!= (1.8/4)^3 * 0.55/6= 0.0501Therefore, the probability that one customer is receiving a haircut and two customers are waiting is 0.0501.e. Probability that more than two customers are waitingThe probability that more than two customers are waiting is given by the formula:P(More than 2 waiting) = 1 - (P0 + P1 + P2 + P3)Substituting the values of P0, P1, P2 and P3, we get:P(More than 2 waiting) = 1 - (0.55 + 0.2475 + 0.2025 + 0.0501)= 0.9504Round off to four decimal places, P(More than 2 waiting) = 0.9504.f. **Average time** a customer waits for serviceThe average time a customer waits for service is given by the formula: Wa= λ/μ * P0 * (μ / λ - 1)where P0 is the probability that no units are in the system. Substituting the given values, we get:Wa= λ/μ * P0 * (μ / λ - 1)= 1.8/4 * 0.55 * (4 / 1.8 - 1)= 0.2046 minutesTherefore, the average time a customer waits for service is 0.2046 minutes.

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after the terminal speed has been reached, at what rate is work being done on the bar by gravity?

After the terminal **speed **has been reached, the rate at which work is done on the bar by gravity is zero. The rate at which work is done on the bar by **gravity **is zero.

Terminal speed is the steady speed reached by an object when it is dropped through a fluid** **or gas.

At this speed, the frictional resistance force acting on the object is equal to the driving force, and the object stops accelerating and falls at a constant speed.This can be obtained by the following equation:

vt = √((2mg)/(pAC))where, vt is the **terminal **velocity, m is the mass of the object, g is the acceleration due to gravity, p is the density of the fluid, A is the cross-sectional area of the object, and C is the drag coefficient.

For an object falling through a fluid, work is done on the object by gravity until the object reaches terminal velocity. After that, the gravitational force and the resistance force are equal and **opposite**, so there is no further acceleration, and thus no further work is done. Therefore, after the terminal speed has been reached, the rate at which work is done on the bar by gravity is **zero**.

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Examine the underlying principles of Malthusian theory of

population and how does the theory in your view relate to modern

times?

**Malthusian theory of population **is a theory that observes the relationship between the growth of the human population and the limited availability of resources.

Malthus was the first to suggest that the human population would eventually outstrip the earth's resources if it grew unchecked.Malthusian theory of population is based on the following principles:1. The population grows exponentially, while the food supply only increases arithmetically.2. Populations have a natural tendency to increase unless they are checked by social factors like war, famine, disease, and natural disasters.3. The poor will have more children than the rich because they cannot afford to support their families.4. Food scarcity, poverty, and overcrowding are the inevitable consequences of uncontrolled population growth.5. Checks on population growth like famine, disease, war, and natural disasters are necessary to maintain **balance**

. In modern times, the Malthusian theory of population has been challenged because of the technological advancement and the globalisation of markets. The green revolution and the use of genetically modified crops have significantly increased food production and reduced famine in some parts of the world.The availability of natural resources has also increased due to technological advancements and better management. However, the Malthusian theory of population is still relevant because of the following reasons:1. The global population is still increasing exponentially.2. Many people in developing countries still live in poverty and cannot afford to support large families.3. Food scarcity and malnutrition are still prevalent in many parts of the world.4. The earth's natural resources are finite and cannot sustain unlimited growth indefinitely.In conclusion, the Malthusian theory of population is relevant in modern times because it reminds us of the need to balance population growth and resource availability. We need to continue to develop new technologies, reduce waste, and manage resources sustainably if we are to avoid the **negative consequences** of unchecked population growth.

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Hawar International is a shipping firm with a current share price of $5.28 and 9.8 million shares outstanding. Suppose that Hawar announces plans to lower its corporate taxes by borrowing $19.5 million and repurchasing shares, that Hawar pays a. If the only imperfection is corporate taxes, what will the share price be after this announcement? b. Suppose the only imperfections are corporate taxes and financial distress costs. If the share price rises to $5.53 after this announcement, what is the PV of financial distress costs Hawar will incur as the result of this new debt?

a. The share price of Hawar International is expected to increase after the announcement of the plan to lower **corporate taxes** by borrowing $19.5 million and repurchasing shares. The specific share price cannot be determined without additional information.

b. If the share price of Hawar International rises to $5.53 after the announcement and considering the presence of corporate taxes and financial distress costs, the **present value (PV) **of the financial distress costs incurred as a result of the new debt needs to be calculated.

a. The specific share price after the announcement cannot be determined without additional information. Factors such as the market's reaction to the announcement, **investor sentiment**, and the perceived impact of the tax reduction plan and share repurchase on the company's future earnings and financial health will influence the share price. These factors need to be considered to estimate the potential increase in the share price.

b. To calculate the present value (PV) of **financial distress costs,** more information is required. Financial distress costs refer to the costs incurred by a company due to the potential risks and costs associated with financial difficulties or bankruptcy. Factors such as the probability of financial distress, potential **bankruptcy costs**, and the impact of the new debt on the company's financial stability need to be known to **estimate** the PV of financial distress costs. Without this information, it is not possible to determine the exact amount of financial distress costs incurred by Hawar International as a result of the new debt.

In conclusion, the specific share price after the announcement and the PV of financial distress costs incurred by Hawar International cannot be determined without additional information on market reactions, financial distress probabilities, bankruptcy costs, and the impact of the new debt on the company's financial stability.

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An example of a scheduling decision includes all of the following EXCEPT _______.A) who is working which shift for next week B) which machine should receive preventive maintenance next C) which countries a rock band should visit over the next two years D) what is the demand for our product to break even

An example of a scheduling decision includes all of the following EXCEPT what is the demand for our product to break even. The correct option is (D) what is the demand for our product to **break even**?

**Scheduling **is an important aspect of management as it facilitates the proper and effective management of the organization's resources.

An example of a scheduling decision includes all of the following EXCEPT what is the demand for our product to break even.

In scheduling, decision-making revolves around resources such as time, human resources, materials, and **equipment**.

Scheduling decisions are mainly aimed at optimizing the use of the organization's resources.

The decision-making process in scheduling involves analyzing data, setting priorities, identifying the critical path, and tracking the progress of the plan.

A scheduling decision involves the allocation of resources within a specified timeframe.

The **decision-making process **involves various factors such as costs, available resources, deadlines, and objectives.

An example of scheduling decisions includes who is working which shift for next week, which machine should receive preventive maintenance next, and which countries a rock band should visit over the next two years.

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You are the CEO of H-Robot Incorporated (HRI), which is a world leader in the robotics industry. Your company produces industrial robots which perform routine assembly line tasks. But due to severe competition, you are concerned about the future growth of HRI. Therefore, your R&D department is working on a new business line, to produce household robots designed to function as a maid. This R&D effort has now reached a stage where a decision should be made on whether to initiate this new production line.

➢ Your Marketing Department has plans to sell robots to households with working mothers. The marketing Vice President believes that annual sales will be 200,000 units if the robots are priced at $400 each.

➢ Your Engineering Department estimates that HRI will need a new manufacturing plant. This plant will be built and made ready for production this year (2022), if the decision to start the new business line is made. The plant needs a land, and you have an option to purchase a suitable land for $2,500,000. The building, which falls into the MACRS 39-year class, will cost $10,500,000. The plant will begin operating as of January 1st , 2023.

➢ The manufacturing equipment will be installed when the building is complete. The equipment falls into the MACRS 7-year class and will have a cost of $18,500,000 including transportation. Another $500,000 will also be paid for installation.

➢ HRI spent $8,000,000 on R&D for the household robot project, which has been capitalized and will be amortized over the life of the project. (Note: Amortization is the practice of spreading an intangible asset's cost over that asset's useful life.)

➢ The project will also need an initial investment in net working capital equal to 12% of the estimated sales in the first year. The initial working capital investment will be made when the plant is built, and equipment installed. In each following year, net working capital is estimated to increase by an amount equal to 12% of any sales increase in the coming year. For example, the increase of working capital in year 2 is expected to be 12% of the difference between the expected sales of year 3 and year 2.

➢ The project’s estimated service life is 8 years, (not counting the construction period in the base year). So, the service life will begin in 2023. At the end of the service life, the land is expected to have a salvage value of $4,500,000. The building will have a salvage value of $3,000,000 and the equipment will have a salvage value of $3,500,000.

➢ Your Production Department has estimated that variable manufacturing costs will total 65% of sales each year. Fixed overhead costs, excluding depreciation, will be $8,500,000 for the first year of operations. Fixed overhead costs (other than depreciation and amortization) and sales prices are estimated to increase with inflation. The estimated inflation rate is 5% per year over the project’s useful life.

➢ HRI’s income tax rate is 25% and MARR is 15%.

a) Develop the project cash flows over the useful life of the project. Use Excel to prepare the project cash flow worksheet.

b) Determine the equivalent net worth and internal rate of return of the project.

c) Determine the unit contribution margin over the service life of the project.

d) Determine the break-even annual unit sales over the service life of the project.

e) Suppose that the unit sale price could decrease by 12% annually over the previous year’s price due to severe market competition. But the annual inflation will affect all other costs except depreciation and amortization. Use a separate excel worksheet to evaluate this worst-case scenario. What will be your course of action? Is this project still feasible?

Assessing **cash flows**, metrics, and factors is vital to determine the viability and profitability of HRI's new household robot **production** line.

a) Please provide the necessary information regarding the annual inflation rate for variable manufacturing costs, **fixed overhead costs**, and sales prices, as well as the estimated increase in net working capital for each year.

b) In order to calculate the equivalent net worth and** internal rate of return** (IRR) of the project, the project **cash flows** need to be determined first.

c) To determine the unit contribution margin over the service life of the project, the variable manufacturing costs and sales prices for each year should be considered.

d) The break-even annual unit sales over the service life of the project can be determined by dividing the fixed costs (excluding depreciation and amortization) by the unit contribution margin.

e) In the worst-case scenario, where the unit sale price decreases by 12% annually, an evaluation can be conducted using a separate Excel worksheet to assess the feasibility of the project considering all relevant costs and revenues affected by inflation. The course of action will depend on the financial viability and profitability of the project under this scenario, considering factors such as the internal rate of return (IRR) and **net present value** (NPV) of the project.

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What is measured on the horizontal axis on the Phillips curve diagram? a. unexpected inflation b. the output gap c. the price level d. real GDP

On the** Phillips curve diagram**, the horizontal axis typically represents the output gap. The output gap is the difference between the actual level of real GDP (gross domestic product) and the** potential level** of real GDP.

It measures the deviation of the **economy **output from its long-term trend or potential output. The Phillips curve, which shows the relationship between inflation and the output gap, helps to illustrate the trade-off between inflation and **unemployment **in the short run. By plotting the output gap on the horizontal axis, economists can analyze the relationship between inflation and the state of the economy, providing insights into the potential effects of economic policies on inflation and unemployment.The Phillips curve is a graphical representation that shows the relationship **between **inflation and unemployment in an economy. It is named after economist A.W. Phillips, who first observed this relationship in the 1950s. The curve is typically depicted with inflation on the vertical axis and a measure of economic activity on the horizontal axis.

The measure on the **horizontal axis **can vary depending on the specific version of the Phillips curve being used. In some cases, the horizontal axis represents the output gap, which is the difference between actual **real GDP** and potential real GDP. It reflects the difference between the actual level of economic output and the level that the economy could potentially produce if all resources were fully employed.

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explain the crm in bank el etihad and what services does bank el

etihad provide

**CRM** in Bank El Etihad refers to Customer Relationship Management, which is a strategic approach adopted by the bank to effectively manage and enhance relationships with its customers.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM): CRM is a **customer-centric **approach that focuses on building long-term relationships with customers by understanding their needs, preferences, and behaviors. Bank El Etihad uses CRM strategies and technologies to gather customer data, analyze it, and tailor their services to meet individual customer needs.

Retail Banking Services: Bank El Etihad offers various retail banking services to individual customers. These services include savings accounts, current accounts, personal loans, mortgages, credit cards, and online banking facilities. Through CRM, the bank aims to provide personalized and efficient services to its retail customers, ensuring a positive customer experience.

Corporate Banking Services: Bank El Etihad provides **banking** solutions to corporate clients, including small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and large corporations. These services include corporate accounts, trade finance, working capital financing, cash management, and treasury services. CRM helps the bank in understanding the unique requirements of its corporate clients and delivering customized financial solutions.

Investment Banking Services: Bank El Etihad offers **investment** banking services to assist clients in raising capital, managing mergers and acquisitions, and executing other financial transactions. These services include underwriting, advisory services, asset management, and capital market operations. CRM helps the bank in building strong relationships with institutional clients and providing tailored investment solutions.

Bank El Etihad utilizes CRM to effectively manage customer relationships and provide a wide range of banking services. By implementing CRM strategies and leveraging customer data, the bank aims to deliver personalized services, enhance customer satisfaction, and strengthen long-term relationships.

The services offered by Bank El Etihad include retail banking, corporate banking, and investment banking, catering to the needs of individual customers, SMEs, and large corporations. Through its customer-centric approach, Bank El Etihad strives to provide efficient, innovative, and customized banking solutions to its diverse customer base.

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List Three remedies that available to the plaintiff if breach of

contract occurred.

Three remedies available to the plaintiff if a breach of contract occurs are: 1) Damages, 2) Specific Performance, and 3) **Rescission**. These remedies aim to compensate the affected party and ensure the contractual obligations are met.

There are several remedies available to a plaintiff in the event of a breach of contract. Here are three of them:

1. **Damages**: This is the most common remedy sought by a plaintiff in a breach of contract case. Damages refer to the monetary compensation that a **plaintiff **may seek from the defendant for any losses suffered as a result of the breach. This could include actual damages (such as lost profits or expenses incurred as a result of the breach) or consequential damages (such as damages that flow naturally from the breach, but were not specifically mentioned in the contract).

2. Specific Performance: In some cases, a plaintiff may seek an order of **specific performance **from the court. This means that the court orders the defendant to perform their obligations under the contract as promised. This remedy is usually sought when the subject matter of the contract is unique or when damages would not be an adequate remedy.

3. Rescission: Rescission is a remedy that seeks to undo the contract and restore the parties to their pre-contractual positions. This remedy is usually sought when there has been a fundamental breach of contract or where one party has been induced into entering the contract by fraud or misrepresentation. Rescission can be granted by the court or agreed to by the parties.

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Projects may significantly impact the environment and communities in which they are executed. Research examples of how projects have positively (and negatively) impacted the environment. Write a paper using APA guidelines outlining the types of sustainability impact that should be considered before taking on a project. Feel free to describe a specific example in your paper if it is helpful. This paper should be a minimum of two pages in length.

**Supportability** has been a frequently referenced objective of organizations,** charities** and states in the previous ten years.

**John Elkington** endeavored to gauge supportability during the mid-1990s by enveloping another structure to quantify execution in corporate America.1 This **bookkeeping** system, called the triple primary concern (TBL), went past the conventional proportions of benefits, profit from venture, and investor worth to incorporate natural and social aspects.

Triple bottom line reporting can be an important tool for supporting sustainability goals by focusing on **comprehensive investment **results—that is, performance in relation to the interrelated dimensions of profits, people, and the environment.

Premium in triple main concern bookkeeping has been developing across revenue driven, not-for-profit and** government areas.** The TBL sustainability framework has been used by many businesses and non-profit organizations to evaluate their performance, and a similar strategy has gained traction with federal, state, and local governments.

examines the **TBL concept,** explains how it can be useful for businesses, policymakers, and practitioners of economic development, and draws attention to some current examples of TBL **implementation.**

Defined The TBL is a framework for accounting that takes into account three aspects of performance: social, ecological and monetary. This contrasts from **customary announcing **systems as it incorporates natural (or ecological) and social estimates that can be hard to allot fitting method for estimation. The three Ps are another common name for the TBL dimensions: Earth, people, and money. We will allude to these as the 3Ps.

A long time before Elkington presented the **manageability idea** as "triple main concern," hippies grappled with proportions of, and systems for, supportability. Over the past three decades, the number of academic fields centered on sustainability has** increased** dramatically. People who have studied and practiced sustainability, both inside and outside of academia, would concur with the general.

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Sally and Steve are salespeople in adjoining territories serving the grocery store channel. Sally's territory covers a much larger geographic area than Steve's territory, with 25% more outlets, but the sales in her territory are running 30% lower than Steve's.

Sally requests to discuss this with you. She would like the territories to be redefined with a better workload and revenue balance.

Apparently, she has also made her wishes known to Steve, as he mentioned to you one morning over coffee: I've worked long and hard to develop the relationships in my territory. If my territory is altered, all that work would go out the window, which wouldn't be fair to me or our customers.

Which would be the best course of action to take?

1. Keep the territories as they are now.

2. Redefine the territories based on revenues.

3. Redefine the territories based on workload.

By **redefining the territories based on workload**, the goal is to create a more balanced and fair distribution, leading to improved efficiency and overall performance for both **salespeople**. First, it's important to acknowledge both Sally's and Steve's concerns. Sally is understandably frustrated that despite covering a larger geographic area with more outlets, her sales are lagging behind Steve's.

On the other hand, Steve has invested a lot of time and effort into building** relationships **with his customers, and he doesn't want to see that work go to waste if the territories are redefined. It's important to approach this situation with a **data-driven** approach. Before making any decisions, it would be helpful to review the sales data for both territories to see if there are any underlying factors that could be contributing to the discrepancy in sales. For example, are there certain products that sell well in Steve's territory that could be introduced in Sally's territory? Are there any logistical challenges that are impacting Sally's ability to make sales in her territory?

Once you have a better understanding of the sales data, you can start exploring options for redefining the territories. It may be possible to reorganize the territories based on workload or revenue to create a more balanced workload and revenue stream for both salespeople. However, it's important to approach this process with transparency and fairness. Both salespeople should have the** opportunity** to provide input and feedback, and any changes should be made with the goal of creating a more equitable and efficient sales process. Ultimately, the decision about how to proceed will depend on the specific circumstances of the situation. However, by approaching the issue with a data-driven and collaborative approach, it's possible to find a solution that works for both Sally and Steve, as well as the company and its customers.

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a+firm+has+an+equity+cost+of+capital+of+7.68%.+if+the+risk-free+rate+is+3%,+the+market+risk+premium+is+5.5%,+and+the+tax+rate+is+20%,+what+is+the+firm's+beta?

The **Beta** of the firm is 0.93.

Beta is one of the significant measures used to calculate the systematic risk of a company.

Beta measures the correlation of a company's **stock** with the market. It is a measure of the market risk of a stock that allows investors to compare a security's risk to the general market's risk.

If the value of beta is more than one, the stock is riskier than the market; a beta of less than one indicates that the security is less volatile than the market.

Beta is a crucial aspect of the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), which establishes the expected return on a stock. **CAPM** is a model that describes the relationship between risk and **expected returns** and calculates the required return for an asset.

The formula for calculating the beta of a stock is given below:

Beta = (Return on stock - Risk-free rate) / Market Return - Risk-free rate

Given: Equity cost of capital = 7.68%

Risk-free rate = 3%

Market risk premium = 5.5%

Tax rate = 20%

Calculating the Beta of a **stock** can be done by using the formula:

Beta = (Return on stock - Risk-free rate) / Market Return - Risk-free rate

Therefore, the** Beta** of the firm is 0.93.

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4. Consider the above two-periods endowment economy. Suppose there are identical agents but with different endowments. There are a number of L₁ Type 1 agents with endowments Y₂ (1) = 1, Yt+1(1) =

In an **economy **with identical agents but with different endowments, we can model the economy using a two-period economy with two types of agents, Type 1 and Type 2. Each agent has an **initial endowment .**

Let's denote the endowment of the Type 1 agent at the end of the first period as Y1 and the endowment at the end of the second period as Y2. The endowment at the end of the second period for the Type 1 agent depends on their **consumption **behavior in the first period. Specifically, we can model the endowment of the Type 1 agent at the end of the second period as:

Y2 = Y1 + (C1 - G1) + (1 - δ) * (Y2 - Y1)

where C1 is the consumption of the Type 1 agent in the first period, G1 is the government transfer received by the Type 1 agent in the first period, δ is the discount factor, and (1 - δ) is the elasticity of **intertemporal consumption.**

To determine the optimal consumption and **government transfer **decisions for the Type 1 agent in the first period, we need to consider the following objective function:

Max E[C1 + G1(1 + δ) - Y1]

where E[.] denotes the** expectation operator**. The objective function maximizes the expected utility of the Type 1 agent, subject to the budget constraint:

Budget constraint: C1 + G1(1 + δ) - Y1 <= 1

We can solve this **optimization problem **using the method of Lagrange multipliers to find the optimal consumption and government transfer decisions for the Type 1 agent in the first period, as well as the optimal discount factor δ.

The optimal consumption and government transfer decisions for the Type 1 agent in the first** period are:**

C1 = Y1 - Y2 / (1 + δ)

G1 = Y2 - C1

The** optimal discount** factor δ is determined by the budget constraint and the objective function, and it depends on the parameter values and the preferences of the Type 1 agent.

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Ice Cool produces two different models of air conditioners. The activities, costs, and cost drivers associated with the production processes follow. Process Assembly Activity Machining Setups Budgeted Cost $ 310,000 22,000 $ 332,000 Activity Cost Driver Machine hours (MH) Setups Budgeted Activity Usage 7,400 60 Finishing Inspecting $ 224,000 Inspections 860 Support Purchasing $ 138,000 Purchase orders 450 Additional production information concerning its two models follows. Additional production information concerning its two models follows. Units and Activities Units produced Machine hours Setups Inspections Purchase orders Model X 2,000 2,000 20 520 300 Model Z 4,000 5,400 40 340 150 Per Unit Selling price per unit Direct materials cost per unit Direct labor cost per unit Model X $ 400 155 125 Model Z $ 380 115 140 1. Compute the activity rate for each activity using activity-based costing. 2. Using activity-based costing, compute the overhead cost per unit for each model. 3. Compute the total product cost per unit for each model. 4. For each model, compute the gross profit per unit (selling price per unit minus product cost per unit). Complete this question by entering your answers in the tabs below. Required 1 Required 2 Required 3 Required 4 Compute the activity rate for each activity using activity-based costing. (Round "Activity rate" to 2 decimal places.) Budgeted Cost Budgeted Activity Usage Activity Rate Activity Machining Setups Inspection Purchasing Required 1 Required 2 Required 3 Required 4 Using activity-based costing, compute the overhead cost per unit for each model. (Round "Activity Rate" to 2 decimal places and other answers to the nearest whole dollar amount.) Activity Usage Activity Rate Allocated Cost Overhead cost per unit-Model X Activity Machining Setups Inspection Purchasing Total allocated cost Units produced Overhead cost per unit Activity Usage Activity Rate Allocated Cost Overhead cost per unit-Model Z Activity Machining Setups Inspection Purchasing Total allocated cost Units produced Overhead cost per unit Required 1 Required 2 Required 3 Required 4 Compute the total product cost per unit for each model. (Round "Activity Rate" to 2 decimal places and other intermediate calculations to the nearest whole dollar amount. Round your final answers to 2 decimal places.) Per Unit Direct Materials Direct Labor Overhead Product Cost per Unit Model X Model Z Required 1 Required 2 Required 3 Required 4 For each model, compute the gross profit per unit (selling price per unit minus product cost per unit). (Round "Product cost per unit" and "Gross Profit" to 2 decimal places and other intermediate calculations to the nearest whole dollar amount. Negative amounts should be indicated with a minus sign.) Per Unit Selling Price Product cost per unit Gross Profit Model X Model Z

The gross profit per unit for Model X is -$80.70, and the gross **profit** per unit for Model Z is -$270.43.

1. Activity rates using activity-based costing are calculated using the following formula: Activity rate = Budgeted cost / Budgeted activity usage. Computing the activity rates using activity-based costing, we have: Activity Machining = $332,000 / 7,400 MHs= $44.86 per machine hour Activity Setups = $310,000 / 60 setups= $5,166.67 per setup Activity Inspection = $224,000 / 860 inspections= $260.47 per inspection Activity Purchasing = $138,000 / 450 purchase orders= $306.67 per **purchase** order2. Overhead cost per unit using activity-based costing is calculated by multiplying the activity rate by the activity usage for each model. Allocated cost for Model X = 2,000 MHs x $44.86 per MH + 20 setups x $5,166.67 per setup + 520 inspections x $260.47 per inspection + 300 purchase orders x $306.67 per purchase order= $89,720.40Overhead cost per unit for Model X = $89,720.40 / 2,000 units= $44.86 + $10.33 + $130.23 + $15.28= $200.70Allocated cost for Model Z = 5,400 MHs x $44.86 per MH + 40 setups x $5,166.67 per setup + 340 inspections x $260.47 per inspection + 150 purchase orders x $306.67 per purchase order= $408,873.20Overhead cost per unit for Model Z = $408,873.20 / 4,000 units= $44.86 + $12.92 + $260.47 + $77.18= $395.43 3. The total product cost per unit for each model is calculated by adding the direct materials cost per unit, direct labor cost per unit, and overhead cost per unit. Model X = $155 + $125 + $200.70= $480.70 Model Z = $115 + $140 + $395.43= $650.434. Gross profit per unit for each model is calculated by subtracting the product cost per unit from the selling price per unit. Model X = $400 - $480.70= -$80.70 (negative amount)Model Z = $380 - $650.43= -$270.43 (negative amount). Thus, the gross profit per unit for Model X is -$80.70, and the gross profit per unit for Model Z is -$270.43.

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In a closed economy, Y = $18 billion C = $14.4 billion I= $1.8 billion TR = $4.0 billion T = $3.0 billion Calculate each of the following (round each answer to one decimal place). Private savings = $ billion Public savings = $ billion Total savings in this economy = $ billion The government's budget deficit or surplus = $1 billion (enter a negative number for a deficit, positive number for surplus).

The answers are Private savings = $0.6 billion, Public savings = -$1 billion, Total savings in this **economy **= -$0.4 billion, Government's budget deficit or surplus = $1 billion (surplus).

To calculate the different components, we can use the following formulas:

**Private Savings **= Y - T - C

Public Savings = T - TR

Total Savings in the economy = Private Savings + Public Savings

Government's **Budget **Deficit or Surplus = TR - T

Given the following values:

Y = $18 billion

C = $14.4 billion

I = $1.8 billion

TR = $4.0 billion

T = $3.0 billion

Let's calculate each component:

Private Savings = Y - T - C

Private Savings = $18 billion - $3 billion - $14.4 billion

Private Savings = $0.6 billion

Public Savings = T - TR

Public Savings = $3 billion - $4 billion

Public **Savings **= -$1 billion

Total Savings in the economy = Private Savings + Public Savings

Total Savings = $0.6 billion + (-$1 billion)

Total Savings = -$0.4 billion

Government's Budget Deficit or Surplus = TR - T

Government's **Budget Deficit **or Surplus = $4 billion - $3 billion

Government's Budget Deficit or Surplus = $1 billion (surplus)

Therefore, the answers are as follows:

Private savings = $0.6 billion

Public savings = -$1 billion

Total savings in this economy = -$0.4 billion

Government's budget deficit or surplus = $1 billion (surplus)

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Please use Excel to answer these question What is the effective cost of a combination of an 80% mortgage at 3.5% and a second mortgage (for 10% of the purchase price) at 4.5%? Both mortgages carry a 30-year term and have no points/closing costs.

The value in cell B10 will represent the **effective cost **of the combination **of the mortgages.**

To calculate the effective cost of the combination of an 80% mortgage at 3.5% and a second mortgage for 10% of the **purchase **price at 4.5% using Excel, we can use the PMT function to calculate the monthly payments for each **mortgage **and then sum them up to find the total **monthly payment**.

Finally, we can convert the monthly payment to an annual effective rate using the EFFECT function. Here's how you can do it:

1. Open Microsoft Excel and create a new **spreadsheet**.

2. In cell A1, enter "Purchase Price."

3. In cell B1, enter the purchase price value.

4. In cell A2, enter "80% Mortgage Rate."

5. In cell B2, enter 3.5% (in decimal form as 0.035).

6. In cell A3, enter "Second Mortgage Rate."

7. In cell B3, enter 4.5% (in decimal form as 0.045).

8. In cell A4, enter "Loan Amount for 80% Mortgage."

9. In cell B4, enter the formula "=B1*0.8" to calculate the loan amount for the 80% mortgage.

10. In cell A5, enter "Loan Amount for **Second Mortgage**."

11. In cell B5, enter the formula "=B1*0.1" to calculate the loan amount for the second mortgage.

12. In cell A6, enter "Term (in years)."

13. In cell B6, enter 30 to represent the 30-year term.

14. In cell A7, enter "Monthly Payment for 80% **Mortgage**."

15. In cell B7, enter the formula "=PMT(B2/12, B6*12, -B4)" to calculate the monthly payment for the 80% mortgage.

16. In cell A8, enter "Monthly Payment for Second Mortgage."

17. In cell B8, enter the formula "=PMT(B3/12, B6*12, -B5)" to calculate the monthly payment for the second mortgage.

18. In cell A9, enter "Total Monthly Payment."

19. In cell B9, enter the formula "=B7+B8" to calculate the total monthly payment.

20. In cell A10, enter "Annual Effective Rate."

21. In cell B10, enter the formula "=EFFECT(B9,12)-1" to convert the monthly payment to an annual effective rate.

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